Zultanite Gemstone: Meaning, Benefits, Jewelry & Prices

zultanite gemstoneZultanite® is a diaspore gemstone that changes colors under different lighting and only comes from one deposit in Turkey. When you first see its beauty, you may wonder: is Zultanite® a real gemstone? Yep, Zultanite® is a real, naturally occurring gemstone.

Is Zultanite® a rare gem? It’s extremely rare, one of the rarest minerals on Earth. Not only does it only come from one country, but it also only forms in a small portion of the Anatolian Mountains.

So, is Zultanite® expensive? What special qualities does it possess? In this guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about Zultanite® gemstones, including their value, healing properties, history, and more!

zultanite gemstone

About Zultanite® Stone

Zultanite® is a semi-precious gemstone that can appear in different shades of pink, yellow, and green. The stone is similar to alexandrite in displaying a natural color change.

Though both alexandrite and Zultanite® are pretty pricey, Zultanite® is a slightly more affordable alternative at around 5-20 percent of alexandrite’s cost. This means you can substitute Zultanite® as a June birthstone!

Not only is it less pricey than alexandrite, Zultanite®’s color change has more shades. Alexandrite only shifts in two hues, while Zultanite® displays up to four different hues. 

As a diaspore, Zultanite® also serves as a zodiac stone for Libra, Leo, and Pisces. Speaking of, what’s the difference between Zultanite® and diaspore? Let’s clear up any confusion around Zultanite®, diaspore, and Csarite®. 

Zultanite®, Csarite® and Diaspore

Zultanite® may be called a diaspore variety, but it’s technically a trademarked name for color-changing diaspores sourced from Turkey. Turkish diaspore gems have the highest quality of any diaspores. 

Besides Zultanite®, the name Csarite® is also a trademarked trade name for Turkish diaspore gem material. Global Licensing N.V. owns the trademark, so only material mined and sold by their affiliates can be legally listed as Zultanite® or Csarite®. Other trade names for the stones are “Turkizite” or “Ottomanite,” though these aren’t trademarked. 

zultanite gemstone color changing diaspore faceted

Zultanite® Specifications & Characteristics

Zultanite® is an aluminum oxide hydroxide mineral with the formula AlO(OH). Common impurities are iron, manganese, titanium, and chromium. The crystals usually form without good terminations but often with broken or turned ends.

Why does Zultanite® change color? Most scientists agree that manganese impurities are the cause of Zultanite®’s color change. Internally, the more complicated reason for the color change has to do with light passing through the stone and splitting into different colors. 

Not only does Zultanite® change colors under different types of lighting (e.g. fluorescent lighting, candlelight, incandescent light), but it’s also pleochroic. That means you’ll see different colors by simply turning the stone to view it at different angles under direct light.

Here’s the remaining mineral data for Zultanite®: 

  • Mohs hardness: 6.5-7

  • Color: Shades of yellow, pink, and green under different lighting

  • Crystal structure: Orthorhombic

  • Luster: Vitreous (glassy), pearly on cleavages

  • Transparency: Translucent to transparent

  • Refractive index: 1.68-1.75

  • Density: 3.30-3.539Cleavage: Perfect on [010]; Good on [110]

  • Fracture: Conchoidal

  • Streak: White

  • Luminescence: Sometimes 

  • Pleochroism: Present in gold, green, and pink

Now, what should we know about the Zultanite® gemstone's meaning? 

zultanite gemstone cabochon diaspore variety

Zultanite® Meaning & History

Zultanite® symbolizes confidence and creativity. Its color-changing properties mean it’s also associated with transformation or rebirth. 

Ancient Eastern philosophers wrote lore about diaspore and it’s said that Sultans would wear Zultanite® rings. They also reportedly gifted similar rings to their wives and lovers.

If you ever get the chance to visit Zultanite®’s locale in the Anatolian Mountains, you’ll see that the area is just as stunning as the gem itself. Named after the ancient Greek term for “sunrise,” these mountains are truly a sight worth visiting. 


Zultanite®’s history revolves around two business partners: American master gem cutter Stephen Kotlowski and Turkish jeweler Murat Akgun. In the mid-1990s, the two started their company Golden Land Trading and put diaspore into the public sphere. 

By 2005, Akgun acquired the legal mining rights and financial backing to expand the company into Zultanite® Gems LLC. Akgun suggested a trade name that honored the 36 Sultans of the Ottoman Empire (from 1299 to 1923) to set their high-quality gems apart and boost marketing. They went back and forth, from “Ottominite” to “Sultanite” to eventually “Zultanite®.”

Zultanite®’s popularity rose, and the public gained a commercial supply of diaspore by 2007. Around 2011, Kotlowski faceted the world’s largest Zultanite®® into a whopping 96-carat gem named “Sultan’s Shield.” 

Unfortunately, an era of legal drama followed —  ending in Akgun losing rights to the company, the “Zultanite®” name, and all the diaspore inventory. Having to start from scratch, Akgun created a new trade name: Csarite®. Eventually, both sides resolved their differences, and they remain amicable. 

Speaking of healing, what is Zultanite® good for in crystal healing? 

zultanite healing crystal

Zultanite® Healing Properties

The color of gemstones can influence their abilities as healing stones. Since Zultanite® has multiple colors, it offers numerous healing benefits. 

Like pink gemstones, Zultanite® can function as a chakra stone for the heart, promoting self-love, compassion, and acceptance. It also can provide grounding, good fortune, and balance like other green gemstones. Plus, Zultanite® has the benefits of yellow gems, offering joy and wisdom. 

Below, we’ll look at specific physical and emotional Zultanite® stone benefits. 

Physical Healing

Physically, Zultanite® crystals are believed to treat memory disorders like Alzheimers or other forms of dementia. Crystal healers also use Zultanite® for dream recall, insomnia, and weight regulation. 

Emotional Healing

Zultanite® crystals are said to promote mental clarity, helping clear stress, forgetfulness, and distractedness. It’s a focus-boosting and anxiety-reducing crystal often recommended for students, especially during intense studying periods like finals week. 

Moving on, how is Zultanite® valued? 

zultanite gemstone faceted

Zultanite® Gemstone Properties

Since authentic Zultanite®s are regulated by one company, their quality has fairly strict requirements. The grade of an individual Zultanite® still depends on the standard categories of color, cut, clarity, and carat weight, along with if it’s authenticated.


The best Zultanite® colors are kiwi green under sunlight, champagne yellow under incandescent light, and raspberry red in candlelight. However, you may see other shades like yellow-green, sage, pale golden yellow, purplish-pink, red, khaki green, and even ginger. 

The warmer pinks, reds, and violet hues show up in artificial lighting (like fluorescent and incandescent lights), while green and yellow hues come out most under sunlight.

Stones with saturated colors and strong, distinct color shifts are most valuable.  


Lapidarists (gem cutters) who cut Zultanite® are highly skilled and cut Zultanite® to maximize its color change and sparkle (a.k.a scintillation or brilliance). Virtually every authentic Zultanite® is masterfully faceted, with fancy cuts commanding the highest value. 

zultanite gemstone pendant with diamond


Clarity describes the amount of visible inclusions in a gemstone. Rough Zultanite® material often has inclusions only visible under 10x magnification, giving it a Type II colored gemstone clarity grade. However, almost all Zultanite® gems that are cut and sold are eye-clean, meaning they lack visible inclusions when viewed with the naked eye. 

Carat Weight

Unfortunately, most of the material from Zultanite® rough must be discarded to yield small gem-quality stones. However, smaller Zultanite® stones are usually less saturated and have a less intense color change. Any Zultanite®s weighing more than 3-5 carats are rare, as most are under 2 carats.  

Synthetics & Simulants

With all rare and beautiful gemstones comes a slew of sellers trying to cash in with fake options. But how do you know if a Zultanite® stone is real or fake? 

If you have a gemology background, you can check the stone’s for inclusions, but most buyers aren’t trained in gemology. Don’t worry! Another way to know if Zultanite® is real is with a plastic Zultanite®® Authenticity Guarantee card. The card has a hologram embedded and lists information about the sourcing and origin of the stone if it’s authentic. 

Speaking of, let’s go over how Zultanite® forms and where exactly this formation process happens. 

zultanite gemstone rough crystal specimen

Zultanite® Formation & Sources

First, where is Zultanite® found? Zultanite® is currently only known from one vein within the Anatolian Mountains in Turkey, mined thousands of feet above sea level. 

Zultanite® forms within this hydrothermal vein when magma comes up from below Earth’s surface and cools, with gas bubbles and different cooling rates causing crevices to open up. Hot water carrying dissolved elements entered those crevices, then gradually cooled into Zultanite®.

Mining Zultanite® is also a tricky process. Typically, miners have to move 2 tons — that’s 4,000 pounds or over 1,800 kilograms — of bauxite (the rock Zultanite® forms inside of) to yield 1 carat of gem-quality Zultanite®!

All that considered, is Zultanite® a good investment? Considering its rarity and limited sourcing, now’s as good a time as any to invest in this stone before the supply depletes. To figure out if it’s the right choice for you, we’ll go over Zultanite® prices next. 

zultanite gemstone ring

Zultanite® Gemstone Price & Value

Zultanite® is a rare, exclusive gem, so it’s fairly steep in price. That said, it’s still less expensive than similar stones like alexandrite. 

How much is a 1 carat Zultanite®® worth? Zultanite®® changes in price-per-carat by carat weight. The price of a Zultanite® stone for sale ranges from $500-$10,000 per carat at retail and $50-$3,000 per carat at wholesale. 

Calibrated Csarite® gems range from $30-$200 per carat when under 5 cts. Csarite® over 5 cts costs $500-$1,000 per carat. 

With investment-level costs, gemstone care is crucial for keeping your Zultanite® sparkling and intact for a lifetime. 

Zultanite® Care and Maintenance

There are plenty of different Zultanite® jewelry options, and most are durable enough for daily wear. However, we recommend protective settings for more vulnerable jewelry like a Zultanite® ring or bracelet.

Be sure to remove any Zultanite® jewelry before high-impact or chemically involved activities like washing dishes, cleaning, playing sports, or gardening. 

Zultanite® is sensitive to sudden temperature changes, so do your best to avoid these. You can clean Zultanite® with mild soap, lukewarm water, and a soft toothbrush. It’s best to store Zultanite® separately from other gems and away from direct heat or sunlight (to avoid any big temperature changes). 

zultanite csarite diaspore gemstone faceted

Feel Like A Sultan in Zultanite®!

There may not be any Ottoman Empire sultans left, but that doesn’t mean you can’t feel like royalty in a gorgeous Zultanite® ring! These rare beauties are truly one-of-a-kind, perfect for any gemstone enthusiast or collector to add to their collection or jewelry repertoire. 

Buy Zultanite® gemstones today!

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