December birthstone is traditionally Turquoise but Blue Topaz and Tanzanite are also considered as alternates.
Turquoise is a very unique gemstone, usually cut in a cabochon form and opaque meaning the gem is not transparent. The gem comes in a variety of shades of blue, blue & black and also a blue/green with black. Turquoise can be very costly. Navajo people believed turquoise stones were pieces of the sky that had fallen to Earth. Turquoise is also said to bring good fortune, good luck and a happy life.
The Turquoise gem is given on the 11th Anniversary as a gift.
Turquoise is a blue to blue-green mineral of aluminium and copper, mainly CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O. It is prized as a gemstone in its polished blue form and can also be a light to brilliant bluish-green.
The Egyptians started mining turquoise in 5500 BC. It is known in Iran today as “Ferozah,” meaning “victorious,” and it’s the country’s national gemstone. Turquoise mining was started in 900-1000AD by the Aztecs. Native Americans as well as Chinese also placed high value on turquoise, the wearing of which was reserved for the gods.
Most ancient civilizations enjoyed Turquoise form Aztecs, Persian empires and possible pre Columbian Mesoamericans.
Turquoise was highly valued by Egyptians, Persians, Mongols and Tibetans for bringing good luck, prosperity, creativity, loyalty and wisdom. It is also thought to absorb negativity and is considered an excellent healing stone.
Turquoise minerals are mined in many parts of the world and is the official state emblem for Arizona, USA.
Turquoise beads have been popular through the ages and today. Turquoise beads with carvings make beautiful Turquoise necklaces. Turquoise matrix patterns are enjoyed by those who appreciate natural gemstones.
Turquoise rough minerals are ideal for cabbing as its an easy material to work with for polishing or carving. The mother rock of matrix in which Turquoise mineral is found can be seen as network brown to black veins.
The treatments of Turquoise stones even though Turquoise is abundant includes are dying, waxing, epoxy filling or reconstituted turquoise. Turquoise from China is mostly treated and dyed howlite, which is naturally a white colour and is easily dyed to look like a natural turquoise colour.