Aquamarine Gemstone: Properties, Meanings, Value & More
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aquamarine gemstoneAquamarine is a light-colored blue to blue-green beryl stone popular for its brilliant clarity and connection to the sea. Used for centuries, aquamarine has made an impact worldwide as an influential gemstone.

From the Santana song to the software application, aquamarine’s beauty has inspired titles across the board. Some mining locales take such pride in their aquamarines, they’ve named it their official gemstone, like the US state of Colorado.

Victoria’s Secret brought the stone further fame in 2011 when that year’s “Fantasy Treasure Bra” featured aquamarine alongside pearl and citrine

So, does aquamarine live up to the hype? What mysteries swim beneath the surface of this oceanic gem? Read on to find out!

aquamarine gemstone

About Aquamarine Stone

Aquamarine is a subtle-toned blue to blue-green gemstone known for bringing good fortune to anyone who wears it.

Those with March birthdays are particularly lucky to have an aquamarine birthstone! 

What zodiac is aquamarine good for? Well, if you’re a Pisces born in March, you’re extra fortunate to have aquamarine as your star stone and birthstone.

Additionally, those born under Gemini or Scorpio are blessed with aquamarine as one of their zodiac stones. Under the Chinese zodiac, aquamarine belongs to birthdays during years of the ox.

Aquamarine is also the traditional gemstone for 19th wedding anniversaries! Many couples may own the gem already, since opting for aquamarine rings over diamonds as an engagement stone has become popular. If that’s the case, gifting new aquamarine jewelry to match is a perfect way to celebrate how far you’ve come.

Mineral Characteristics

With all the references outside of gemology, you may wonder: Is aquamarine a real gemstone? Yes, it is!

Aquamarine is a beryl mineral found in pale tones of blue or greenish-blue. If you’ve heard of emerald or morganite, those are both beryl stones. Chemically, aquamarine is made of beryllium, aluminum, and silica.

On the Mohs mineral hardness scale, aquamarine ranks at an impressive 7.5 to 8. Combined with its lack of cleavage, aquamarine is one of the most durable stones around.

The list of impressive traits begs the question: Is aquamarine a rare gem?

Aquamarine isn’t incredibly rare, as lighter-hued specimens with greener undertones are fairly common and huge aquamarine crystals have been discovered. High-quality blue aquamarine is rarer, but we’ll go into more detail on that later.

santa maria blue maxixe beryl aquamarine gemstone facetedImage: Maxixe aquamarine

Aquamarine Varieties

There are quite a few other names for aquamarine gemstone, and some describe specific varieties:

  • Espirito Santo: Very rare variety from Brazil’s Espirito Santo state with a one-of-a-kind brilliance and low-intensity blue coloring.

  • Pedra Azul: Icy-blue variety only found as small specimens in Brazil’s Pedra Azul district.

  • Nampula: Aquamarines with a robin’s-egg blue tone found in the Nampula province of Mozambique.

  • Maxixe or Blue Beryl: Rare variety found in Brazil’s Maxixe mine with a rich, saturated blue coloring caused by nitrate and natural irradiation, rather than iron, though its color may fade with light exposure.

  • Moss Aquamarine: Modern trade name for low-quality B to C grade aquamarine with greener hues that is heavily included and shows iron speckling.

So, what traits are used to identify aquamarine? Check them out below!

aquamarine rough specimen

Aquamarine Specifications & Characteristics

  • Color: Blue to greenish-blue; Typically pale, but can be intensely saturated

  • Crystal structure: Hexagonal

  • Luster: Vitreous (glass-like)

  • Transparency: Transparent to translucent

  • Refractive index: 1.57-1.59

  • Density: 2.65-2.85

  • Cleavage: None

  • Fracture: Conchoidal

  • Streak: White

  • Luminescence: Weak; Green LW, Green or very pale blue SW

  • Pleochroism: Present but weak; Nearly colorless and intense blue

That’s enough science for now; let’s get into symbolism!

aquamarine gemstone ring with cubic zirconia

Aquamarine Stone Meaning

The name aquamarine comes from the Latin aqua, meaning “water,” and marine, meaning “the sea.” Together, the name translates to “sea water,” for the stone’s resemblance to the greenish-blue of shallow ocean waters.

With that in mind, what does aquamarine symbolize? Simply put, aquamarine symbolizes serenity, rebirth, protection, and the passion of young love. 

Legends that contributed to aquamarine spiritual meaning mostly revolve around the sea. (Shocker, right?) However, themes of love, joy, and divinity are present throughout many interpretations.

Seaward legends about aquamarine’s origin call it the treasure of mermaids, claiming it came from mermaid’s tails or treasure chests. One Roman myth states Neptune, god of the sea, found the gem ashore after it fell out of a siren’s chest of jewels.

The most popular aquamarine stone meaning is that it protects sailors or sea travelers from drowning. Neptune’s Greek counterpart, Poseidon, had ties to the stone as well, as Greeks believed an aquamarine necklace carved with Poseidon served as a protective talisman for sailors.

Some ancient Romans also used the stone for protection during ocean voyages, but physicians utilized aquamarine properties for digestion issues and Roman couples used the stone to reignite their love life. Ancient Sumerians, Hebrews, and Egyptians believed aquamarine represented the joy of youth. 

In the Middle Ages, aquamarine was associated with fortune-telling, often used as an oracle pendulum. Similarly, some say dreams of aquamarine foretell of gaining great status and honor.

So, were people long ago right about the stone’s benefits? What are the healing properties of aquamarine?

aquamarine leaf carving pair

Aquamarine Healing Properties

The unique energies within all gemstones make them great healing stones, and the “Gem of the Sea” has its own healing powers!

Because of its color, aquamarine inherently possesses blue gemstone traits of stress-relief, wisdom, and sincerity. Aquamarine alone can bring greater peace and harmony, especially in long-term relationships.

For specific crystal healing, what is aquamarine crystal good for?

Physical Healing

Aquamarine’s healing properties can boost immune system function, including the thymus and lymph nodes. Additionally, the stone purportedly heals ear issues and soothes allergy symptoms.

As a beryl stone, aquamarine has beryl’s healing properties of ostensibly detoxifying the liver and curing vision issues.

Emotional Healing

Emotionally, aquamarine can provide soothing comfort to distracted minds, shielding you from negative thoughts or nefarious influences.

Additionally, it’s said that aquamarine crystal benefits couples overcoming obstacles by enhancing trust and communication. 

Chakra Healing

Aquamarine chakra healing works best for your Throat Chakra. The throat rules our expression, understanding, and potential for growth.

An unbalanced throat chakra leads to feeling overly timid or restrained. Aquamarine can balance the chakra, boosting inspiration, creativity, and honesty.

Speaking of, let’s make sure you know the honest value of any aquamarine you buy.

santa maria blue aquamarine gemstone faceted trillion

Aquamarine Gemstone Properties

In gemology, every stone has identifying traits and value-determining features. Gemstone properties help buyers know the true value of the specific gem they’re buying.

The most important factors for aquamarine value are color and carat weight, followed by cut and clarity.

aquamarine gemstone cabochon parcel


As you might gather, color plays a significant role in aquamarine value. Who can resist these ethereal blue hues? Most aquamarine gemstones have a pale, greenish-blue color. The signature aquamarine blue to green-blue comes from iron. The amount of iron determines how saturated the color appears.

What color aquamarine is the most valuable?

One of the highest-valued shades is Santa Maria blue, an intensely saturated deep blue named for its discovery in Brazil’s Santa Maria de Itabira mine. Stones in this hue are sometimes called Santa Maria aquamarine. Recently discovered aquamarine from Madagascar boasts a rich blue hue called Double Blue.

Carat Weight

Aquamarine stone raw specimens range from tiny to enormous specimens, the largest reaching 45 kg! Faceted aquamarines typically need to be over 5 cts to display decent saturation, but price-per-carat lowers for stones above 25 carats. 

Finding aquamarines under 5 cts with good coloring is rare, so these stones may command higher price-per-carat rates than their larger counterparts. 

sky blue aquamarine gemstone faceted


Aquamarine’s durability lends to virtually any cut or shape. The most common faceted cuts are round, oval brilliant, and emerald. With abundant and sizable rough, finding expertly-cut aquamarines isn’t difficult.

With its pale coloring, lapidaries must choose the right cut to display brilliance. Most aquamarine is free of visible inclusions and becomes faceted, but the stones with visible inclusions may become carvings, cabochons, or beads.

aquamarine gemstone faceted pendant with cubic zirconia


Gemologists grade gemstone clarity based on the visibility and amount of inclusions present. Even though aquamarine gets its color from other minerals, you’ll almost never see visible inclusions or flaws within the stone. 

Because of its near-flawless appearance, known as “eye-clean,” aquamarine falls under a Type I colored gemstone clarity grade. If inclusions are present, the most common inclusions are mica, hematite, or saltwater. 

Treatments & Synthetics

Aquamarine is known for its impressive natural blue color, so treatments aren’t incredibly common. However, heat treatments may be employed to make specimens with a natural green tint appear bluer by reducing the ferric iron that causes yellow tones.

Synthetic aquamarine is an affordable alternative to a real aquamarine gemstone, but it won’t exude the same beauty, brilliance, or durability. Synthetic options may be artificially-irradiated “Maxixe-type beryl,” hydrothermally-grown “synthetic blue beryl,” or synthetic spinel with aquamarine color.

Now you know modern aquamarine value factors, but what did people throughout history value about this oceanic jewel?

aquamarine cabochon spade shape

Aquamarine History

For centuries, aquamarine was referred to as “sea-green beryl.” In 1609, Flemish mineralogist Anselmus de Boodt became the first to describe it as aquamarine in his book Gemmarum et Lapidum Historia (History of Gems and Stones.) 

However, the oldest documented discovery of aquamarine was in India between 480-300 BC. Ancient Greeks were the first known to use aquamarine, carving intaglios from the stone. Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder described the stone in 1st-century AD as having “charms not to be denied.” We couldn’t agree more!

Various cultures over time subscribed celestial or holy properties to aquamarine. For instance, monks near Brazil’s Espirito Santo mine called it “Divine Stone” and wore aquamarine amulets during prayer and contemplation.

The Hebrew term for aquamarine is Tarshish, and some claim the High Priest of the Second Temple wore carved aquamarine depicting the six tribes of Israel. Aquamarine beads have even been found with Egyptian mummies!

Other uses for aquamarine around the world include Chinese seals and engravings, as well as Japanese netsuke (17th-century figurines attached to inro boxes.)

Fascinatingly, Germans used aquamarine to create eyeglass lenses for correcting nearsightedness. The current German term for eyeglasses, Brille, actually comes from the word beryl!

blue aquamarine gemstone faceted

Famous Aquamarines

As a relatively abundant stone with a rich history, some aquamarines have unsurprisingly gained notoriety. Here are some of the most notable:

  • Hirsch Aquamarine: A nearly 110-carat emerald-cut aquamarine once used by French Emperor Louis XV, purportedly to soothe himself.

  • The Roosevelt Aquamarine: A 1,298-carat specimen given by Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas to US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt in 1936 during Eleanor and her husband’s visit to Brazil. 

  • Queen Elizabeth II’s Tiara: A platinum piece with aquamarines and diamonds was given to Queen Elizabeth II as a coronation gift from Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas in 1953. 

  • Dom Pedro: The world’s largest fashioned aquamarine (over 10,000 carats!) found in 1980s Brazil and named after their first two emperors, Pedro I and II.

  • Duchess Meghan Markle’s Aquamarine Ring: A 24-carat yellow-gold ring first belonging to Princess Diana and later given to Markle by Prince Harry during their 2018 wedding.

Talk about elegance! But what happens underground to create such an esteemed stone?

aquamarine rough

Aquamarine Stone Origins & Sources

Most aquamarines form inside pegmatite rocks but may form in hydrothermal carbonate cavities or alluvial deposits.

In pegmatites, the process starts with hot magma heating the pegmatite underground, causing chemical interaction between the minerals. As the magma slowly cools, crystals start to form in the rock’s cracks and crevices. This process may take hundreds of thousands of years. 

After they’re formed, who digs aquamarines up?

Mining Locations

While aquamarine dates back centuries, the stone’s recent re-discovery happened near Siberia in 1723. By 1800, this deposit regularly supplied aquamarines to Western Europe.

Aquamarine's popularity started booming in 1910 when Brazil uncovered large specimens. New deposits have popped up in China, Columbia, and Madagascar as recently as 2014. 

The most productive aquamarine mines today are in Brazil, Nigeria, and Kenya. Other producers of aquamarine include:

  • Afghanistan

  • India

  • Ireland

  • Mexico

  • Mozambique

  • Pakistan

  • Russia

  • Sri Lanka

  • United States (Colorado & Maine)

  • Zimbabwe

With so many mines, you might be asking: Is aquamarine a valuable stone? Let’s do a price breakdown.

aquamarine gemstone ring with blue sapphire and diamond

Aquamarine Price & Value

Generally, good-quality aquamarines between 1-3 cts range from $675 to $1500 per carat. Aquamarine value per carat slightly decreases with larger specimens, fetching between $300-$600 per carat.

Raw material is much more affordable, with rough aquamarine price per gram ranging from $1.50-$12.50 (or $0.30-$2.50 per carat) for larger sizes and $25-$56 (or $5-$12 per carat) for smaller sizes.

Lastly, let’s cover how to clean and how to cleanse aquamarine.

aquamarine cabochon drop shape

Aquamarine Care and Maintenance

The best way to clean aquamarine is with lukewarm water, not too hot. The stone is sensitive to heat and needs protection from excessive exposure to heat and sunlight.

With a high Mohs hardness ranking and no cleavage, aquamarine is susceptible to exterior damage. However, a blow to the stone can cause internal breakage, so it’s best to take off aquamarine jewelry during workouts or other strenuous activities.

Does aquamarine need to be cleansed? Yes, and we’ll tell you how!

Aquamarine has a strong tie to the moon, so we recommend a moon bath as the number-one cleansing method. During each month’s full moon, place your stone under the moonlight overnight. The next morning, your stone will be cleared up and ready for energy healing!

A Gemstone to Treasure!

That does it for aquamarine! If this maritime gem makes you want to live out your mermaid dreams, we can’t blame you. With beauty, elegance, and grace, aquamarine may just make you believe in magic!

Buy Aquamarine gemstones today!



维多利亚的秘密在 2011 年进一步提升了宝石的知名度,当年的 “梦幻宝藏文胸”以海蓝宝石、珍珠黄水晶为特色。








海蓝宝石也是19 周年结婚纪念日的传统宝石!许多夫妇可能已经拥有这颗宝石,因为选择海蓝宝石戒指而不是钻石作为 订婚石已经变得很流行。如果是这样的话,赠送新的海蓝宝石首饰来搭配是庆祝您取得的成就的完美方式。



海蓝宝石是一种绿柱石矿物,呈淡蓝色或绿蓝色。如果您听说过祖母绿摩根石,那它们都是绿柱石。在化学上, 海蓝宝石由铍、铝和二氧化硅制成。

莫氏矿物硬度等级上,海蓝宝石的排名令人印象深刻,为 7.5 至 8。再加上缺乏解理,海蓝宝石是周围最耐用的宝石之一。



圣玛丽亚蓝色 maxixe 绿柱石 海蓝宝石 宝石 多面图片:Maxixe 海蓝宝石



  • 圣埃斯皮里图:来自巴西圣埃斯皮里图州的非常罕见的品种,具有独一无二的光彩和低强度的蓝色。

  • Pedra Azul :冰蓝色品种仅在巴西的 Pedra Azul 区发现为小标本。

  • 楠普拉:在莫桑比克楠普拉省发现的具有知更鸟蛋蓝色调的海蓝宝石。

  • Maxixe 或蓝色绿柱石:在巴西 Maxixe 矿发现的稀有品种,具有由硝酸盐和自然辐射而不是铁引起的丰富、饱和的蓝色,尽管它的颜色可能会随着光线的照射而褪色。

  • 苔藓海蓝宝石:低品质 B 到 C 级海蓝宝石的现代商品名称,具有更绿色的色调,含有大量的铁质斑点。




  • 颜色:蓝色至绿蓝色;通常苍白,但可以高度饱和

  • 晶体结构:六角形

  • 光泽:玻璃质(玻璃状)

  • 透明度:透明到半透明

  • 折射率:1.57-1.59

  • 密度:2.65-2.85

  • 乳沟:无

  • 骨折:贝壳状

  • 条纹:白色

  • 发光:弱;绿色 LW、绿色或非常淡蓝色 SW

  • 多色性:存在但较弱;几乎无色的深蓝色




海蓝宝石这个名字来自拉丁语aqua ,意思是“水”,和marine ,意思是“大海”。一起,这个名字翻译成“海水”,因为石头与浅海水域的蓝绿色相似。


有助于海蓝宝石精神意义的传说大多围绕着大海展开。 (令人震惊,对吧?)然而,爱、欢乐和神性的主题贯穿于许多解释中。































海蓝宝石原石标本从小到大不等,最大的达到 45 公斤!刻面海蓝宝石通常需要超过 5 克拉才能显示出不错的饱和度,但 25 克拉以上的宝石的每克拉价格较低。

很难找到 5 克拉以下且颜色良好的海蓝宝石,因此这些宝石的每克拉价格可能高于其较大的同类宝石。

天蓝色 海蓝宝石 宝石 多面


由于其浅色,宝石工匠必须选择正确的切割才能显示出光彩。大多数海蓝宝石没有可见的内含物并变成刻面,但有可见内含物的宝石可能会变成雕刻、 凸圆形或珠子。




海蓝宝石的外观近乎完美无瑕,被称为“眼睛清洁”,属于 I 类有色宝石净度等级。如果存在夹杂物,最常见的夹杂物是云母、赤铁矿或盐水。



合成海蓝宝石是真正海蓝宝石的一种经济实惠的替代品,但它不会散发出同样的美丽、光彩或耐用性。合成选项可能是人工辐照的“Maxixe 型绿柱石”、热液生长的“合成蓝色绿柱石”或海蓝宝石色的合成尖晶石。




几个世纪以来,海蓝宝石被称为“海绿绿柱石”。 1609 年,佛兰德矿物学家 Anselmus de Boodt 在他的著作Gemmarum et Lapidum Historia宝石和石头的历史)中成为第一个将其描述为海蓝宝石的人。

然而,最古老的海蓝宝石发现是在公元前 480-300 年之间的印度。古希腊人是第一个使用海蓝宝石的人,他们在石头上雕刻凹版。罗马博物学家老普林尼在公元 1 世纪将这块石头描述为“具有不可否认的魅力”。我们完全同意!



海蓝宝石在世界各地的其他用途包括中国印章和雕刻,以及日本 netsuke(附在 inro 盒子上的 17 世纪小雕像)。





  • Hirsch 海蓝宝石:一颗近 110 克拉的祖母绿切割海蓝宝石,曾被法国皇帝路易十五使用,据称是为了安抚自己。

  • 罗斯福海蓝宝石:1936 年,在埃莉诺和她的丈夫访问巴西期间,巴西总统格图里奥·巴尔加斯将一颗 1,298 克拉的标本送给了美国第一夫人埃莉诺·罗斯福。

  • 伊丽莎白二世女王的头饰:1953 年,巴西总统格图里奥·巴尔加斯 (Getúlio Vargas) 将一枚镶嵌海蓝宝石和钻石的铂金首饰作为加冕礼物送给伊丽莎白二世女王。

  • Dom Pedro :世界上最大的海蓝宝石(超过 10,000 克拉!),发现于 1980 年代的巴西,以他们的前两位皇帝佩德罗一世和二世命名。

  • 梅根·马克尔公爵夫人的海蓝宝石戒指:一枚 24 克拉的黄金戒指,最初属于戴安娜王妃,后来在 2018 年的婚礼上由哈里王子送给马克尔。








虽然海蓝宝石可以追溯到几个世纪前,但最近在 1723 年在西伯利亚附近重新发现了这种宝石。到 1800 年,该矿床定期向西欧供应海蓝宝石。

海蓝宝石的流行于 1910 年开始蓬勃发展,当时巴西发现了大型标本。就在 2014 年,中国、哥伦比亚和马达加斯加出现了新的矿床。


  • 阿富汗

  • 印度

  • 爱尔兰

  • 墨西哥

  • 莫桑比克

  • 巴基斯坦

  • 俄罗斯

  • 斯里兰卡

  • 美国(科罗拉多州和缅因州)

  • 津巴布韦




一般来说,1-3 克拉的优质海蓝宝石的价格在每克拉 675 美元到 1500 美元之间。海蓝宝石的每克拉价值会随着样本的增大而略有下降,每克拉售价在 300 至 600 美元之间。

原材料更实惠,每克原石的海蓝宝石价格在 1.50 美元至 12.50 美元(或每克拉 0.30 美元至 2.50 美元)之间(大尺寸)和 25 美元至 56 美元(或每克拉 5 美元至 12 美元)(或小尺寸)。











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Donnajo222 It all depends on your taste. There are some very nice Cabochon Aquamarines but you will find a faceted stone of the same size will fetch more money

11th Mar 2017

Which is the most desirable, a cabachon , or a nice quality stone, same size/

10th Mar 2017

What would you like to say? Thanks for information very educative for beginers like me

24th Nov 2016

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