June Birthstones: Pearl, Alexandrite & Moonstone
6. lipnja Kamen za rođenje - biser i aleksandrit
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There are only two months with three official birthstones, and June is one of them! What are the 3 gemstones for June? The official June birthstones are moonstone, pearl, and alexandrite.

June was called Junius or lunius in ancient Rome, named after the goddess of marriage, Juno, or the Latin iuniores meaning "youth.”

Ancient celebrations in June included the Rosalia (festival of roses), Vestalia (honoring goddess of the hearth Vesta and re-purifying Rome), and the summer solstice (first day of summer).

The summer solstice is still celebrated today, along with modern June holidays like Father’s Day, LGBTQ+ Pride Month, and International Children’s Day.

June represents excitement, balance, and rejuvenation. It’s also associated with marriage, with wedding season peaking in June.

Reflecting these ideals are the three June birthstones: alexandrite, pearl, and moonstone. Today, we’ll go over the history, properties, and allure of these June birthstones.

june birthstonesPictured above: Moonstone ring

Historical & Cultural Significance of June Birthstones

You’re probably wondering: why are there 3 birthstones for June? Well, there weren't always three.

June Birthstone Changes Over Time

Early birthstone lists derived from Biblical texts interpreted June birthstones as agate or emerald, now May birthstones.

Kicking off formalized modern birthstone lists, Tiffany & Co. published a pamphlet of “Gregorian Birthstone Poems” in 1870, credited to an “unknown author,” with pearl for June.

The first official standardized list, created by the National Association of Jewellers (now the Jewellers of America) in 1912, listed pearl first with moonstone as the alternative. This listing was also reflected in the 1937 UK list from the National Association of Goldsmiths.

The Jewelry Industry Council of America modified the 1912 list in the 1950s to add alexandrite for June.

Why did June’s birthstone change? Alexandrite was a relatively new gem, and one theory is that jewelers believed alexandrite was more abundant than pearl, which is not true today.

Next, let’s look at each semi-precious gemstone’s individual history.

ancient roman hair ornament with pearls, emeralds, and sapphiresPictured above: 3rd-century ancient Roman gold hair ornament set with pearls, emeralds, and sapphires; Displayed at British Museum | Image credit: Vassil, Public domain

Pearls in Ancient Civilizations and Mythology

The oldest written record of pearls dates back to 2206 BC, when freshwater pearls were gifted to Chinese royalty. The oldest known pearl jewelry dated around 420 BC is the “Susa Pearls” necklace. Archeological evidence also points to prehistoric mother of pearl uses in the Indus Valley and Sri Lanka.

Ancient Greeks associated pearls with grandeur, believing the birthstones formed from the tears of Aphrodite, the goddess of love who was similarly born from the sea according to myths. Similarly, ancient Japanese legends claimed pearls originated from the tears of mermaids or nymphs.

Ancient Romans called pearls margaritae or unio. They used pearls as status symbols, only worn by the wealthy and noble.

In ancient Egypt, pearls were linked to Isis, goddess of healing, and placed in tombs. One famous story is that Cleopatra won a bet with Marc Antony by putting one of her pearl earrings in vinegar and drinking it!

One Hindu legend says that pearls were fallen lunar dewdrops that fell from the moon. Another Hindu myth about the pearl’s origin is that the god Krishna found the first pearl and gave it to his daughter as a wedding gift to protect her from becoming a widow and ensure a successful, long marriage.

Additionally, pearl origins in Vedic texts were that Earth’s waters and divine energy conceived the pearl, then fertilized it with lightning.

In Islam, the Quran describes pearls as adorning Paradise as fruits and crowns given to those entering heaven.

Other interpretations of this June birthstone’s meaning included protection from fire in ancient China and representation of purity in Europe.

ancient chinese moonstone ornamentPictured above: Chinese gold ornament with moonstones, dated 960-1279 Song Dynasty; Displayed at Metropolitan Museum of Art | Image credit: Met Museum, Public domain

Ancient to Modern Moonstone History

Moonstone’s name is inspired by its adularescence, appearing to glow from within like soft moonlight.

Ancient Roman legends say moonstone formed when beams of moonlight hardened and was gifted by moon goddess Diana. They gazed into the stone to see Diana and receive her love and wisdom.

Ancient Greeks called the stone Aphroselene, a portmanteau of Aphrodite and moon goddess Selene. They also associated moonstone with Hecate, goddess of magic, and Artemis, goddess of the hunt and chastity.

In ancient India, moonstones were said to glow or dim from the forehead of the moon goddess Chandra (or moon god Ganesh) with the moon’s waxing or waning phases.

According to an Asian myth, blue moonstones wash to shore every 21 years. Ancient East Asians hung moonstones in trees to promote bountiful harvests and believed the gem’s shifting internal light indicated a spirit living inside.

Travelers also used moonstone talismans for protection, inspiring the June birthstone’s nickname “traveler’s stone.”

historical 1800s alexandrite specimen from russiaPictured above: An excellent, classic reference example of alexandrite from Urals Region, Russia, with stout form, some edge wear, internal gemminess, but nevertheless shows color change; Included with label dated to 1850 | Image credit: Rob Lavinsky, iRocks.com – CC-BY-SA-3.0

Alexandrite's Journey from Russia to the World

Alexandrite is the most recently discovered June birthstone. The color-changing red and green gem was discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in 1834 and named after Alexander II, the soon-to-be Czar upon his upcoming 16th birthday.

Stories differ on who discovered and named alexandrite first. It was either Finnish mineralogist Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld, Ural Mine manager Vasilevich Kokovin, German mineralogy professor Gustav Rose, or Russian mineralogist Count L.A. Perovskii. Regardless, Count L.A. Perovskii gave Alexander II the gem for his birthday on April 29.

Russia was the only source, although their mines were nearly empty by the 1890s. Brazil became another source in 1987, followed by Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.

Russian alexandrite became a symbol of prestige and national pride, coincidentally reflecting Russian military colors. Alexander II was reported to wear an alexandrite ring talisman daily.

Other cultures interpreted the June birthstone’s color changes as indicators of danger.

History? Check. Now we’ll look closer at these birthstone’s colors and unique traits.

pair of pink akoya pearls june birthstonePictured above: Pink akoya pearls

Pearls: The Gems of the Sea

Arguably the “classic” June birthstone, pearls are inarguably unique. For one, they’re mineraloids (not minerals) and one of few organic gemstones, meaning gems made by a living organism.

In this case, pearls are made inside mollusks when an irritant like sand gets into the creature’s shell. The mollusk secretes layers of nacre around the irritant. The nacre is composed of calcium carbonate (calcite, aragonite, or both). The built-up nacre layers create the signature “pearlescent” luster.

The rarity of this June birthstone is exclusive to natural pearls, which grow in the wild without human intervention. Most pearl gemstones today are cultured pearls, which grow the same way but the irritants are inserted by humans on pearl farms.

Natural pearls are typically small and irregularly shaped, while cultured pearls are often round or close to round. You can always verify your pearl birthstone’s origin by sending it to a lab like the GIA.

Pearl Types & Value

Some of the most popular types of pearls are:

  • Akoya: First and usually highest-quality cultured pearl; Slower nacre layer build-up, meaning better luster and rounder shape; Often bleached & dyed white with rose overtones

  • Freshwater: Formed by freshwater mollusks, usually cultivated; Typically thicker nacre, more irregularly shaped, and lower luster but fancier colors than saltwater pearls

  • Saltwater: Formed by saltwater mollusks, usually cultivated; Historical standard for beautiful pearls

  • South Sea: Cultured from silver- or gold-lipped saltwater oysters; Thicker nacre & larger than Akoyas; Usually white, cream, or golden color

  • Tahitian: Cultured from black-lipped saltwater oysters mainly in French Polynesia; Only naturally black pearls, but but often dark green or gray; Can be white, blue, silver, purple, or yellow; Display iridescence called “orient”

The biggest value factor is natural vs. cultured — natural pearl June birthstones are significantly pricier.

red and green faceted alexandrite june birthstone

Alexandrite: The Chameleon Gem

Alexandrite is a chrysoberyl variety where some of the aluminum is replaced by chromium. It’s known for being color-changing, caused by those chromium impurities.

What is this June birthstone’s color? The best alexandrites are emerald-green in daylight and reddish-purple under incandescence, inspiring the moniker “Emerald by day, ruby by night.” Most of these are Russian.

Other color-changes include yellow or peach to hot pink or blue-green to magenta. Sri Lankan alexandrite is often olive-green, while Brazilian alexandrite is often paler.

The main part of alexandrite’s value is the purity, degree, and proportion of color-change.

Cat's eye alexandrites are especially rare and valuable.

blue adularescence moonstone cabochon june birthstone

Moonstone: Luminous Beauty & Colors

Among the three June birthstones, moonstone is most accessible but no less stunning.

Moonstone has alternating, thin layers of feldspars albite and oligoclase or orthoclase. When light enters these layers, it causes moonstone’s signature floating, internal glow called “adularescence.”

The best moonstones are colorless with pure blue adularescence. But the June birthstone’s color also includes shades like peach, green, and orange.

Most moonstones are cut into cabochons, but faceting moonstones can hide flaws and enhance sparkle. Other moonstone cuts include beads and carvings.

That covers mineralogy and appearance, so it’s time to examine June birthstones and their meanings.

black tahitian pearl necklace strandPictured above: Tahitian pearl necklace

Pearls: Symbolism and Significance

Throughout history, pearls have been associated with femininity, wisdom, and transformation.


The pearl’s ethereal appearance and aquatic origins have inspired associations with the moon, femininity, and water. The moon and tides are tied to traditionally feminine ideals of tapping into one’s changing emotions.

Pearls’ lunar side is believed to enhance intuition and connect you to spiritual realms. Additionally, pearl healing stones are traditionally used for fertility, hormone imbalance, and easier childbirth.


The attachment between pearls and knowledge is exemplified in the phrases “pearls of wisdom” meaning sage advice or “do not cast pearls before swine” meaning wisely not offering something valuable to those who won’t appreciate it.

In the Bible, pearls usually represent the value of wisdom. Hindu, Taoist, and Buddhist philosophies mention “flaming pearls” as symbolizing spiritual wisdom. Some ancients believed pearls contained life’s lessons and guided the dead through the afterlife.

The June birthstone’s “hiddenness” and formation also represents wisdom gained from experience.


Pearls take years to form, usually starting from a grain of sand and developing into a gorgeous gemstone. Unsurprisingly, these June birthstones represent transformation.

Quoting motivational speaker Susan C. Young: “The oyster has taken what was at first an irritation and intrusion and uses it to enrich its value.”

Ancient Asians believed pearls symbolized a soul’s journey to perfection. Tarot readers connect the pearl to The Fool’s journey as a path of self-discovery.

faceted alexandrite june birthstone ring

Alexandrite's Mystique and Metaphysical Properties

Alexandrite doesn’t have as much lore, but it’s still become meaningful.

Like pearl, alexandrite symbolizes transformation. The June stone is said to be rejuvenating, helping you embrace the changes of life.

The color-changing stone also represents balance, be it emotional balance, physical and spiritual balance, or simply remaining grounded.

Other associations with alexandrite include good fortune, success, and creativity.

moonstone pendant june birthstone

Moonstone Meanings & Powers

Moonstone shares metaphysical properties with pearls, with ties to femininity, wisdom, and the moon.

Historically, magicians strategically used moonstones for spells based on the moon’s current phase. Many mystics use moonstone as a focus tool during meditation. Crystal healers recommend moonstone for treating insomnia.

Moonstone is also indicative of love and marriage.

One Indian tradition involves couples putting the June birthstone in their mouth during a full moon to see their future. Both ancient Greeks and Indians held beliefs that moonstones facilitated foresight.

For those without a partner, one legend said you could attract your true love by setting the intention with a moonstone during a full moon and keeping it with you until the next full moon.

Celebrating Life's Moments with June Birthstones

Wondering what the most popular June birthstone is?

For most jewelry, pearls are queen. However, alexandrite is more common for June birthstone rings, and moonstone is the most widely available.

Astrologically, what is the birthstone for June and Gemini? Alexandrite is the best June-born Gemini birthstone, fulfilling their craving for balance.

For June-born Cancers, moonstone and pearl tie perfectly to Cancer’s ruling planetary body (the moon) and enhance the sign’s natural intuition.

Gifting a June birthstone is a meaningful gesture for celebrating a loved one.

Options range from June birthstone jewelry to birthstone-encrusted rose decor (the June flower) to a painting of the giftee’s favorite June crystal.

purple gray cultured saltwater pearl june birthstone necklacePictured above: Cultured saltwater pearl necklace

Which June Jewel is Your Favorite?

June represents love, excitement, and balance, which are exemplified by alexandrite, moonstone, and pearl. These gems each have their own appeal, plus their varied appearances and price points mean there’s a perfect June birthstone for any budget!

Find traditional and alternative June birthstones from our hundreds of gemstones available!

Lipnja Birthstone biser i aleksandrit Postoje samo odabrani mjeseci u godini ukrašeni s tri kamena rođenja. Zapravo, oni rođeni u lipnju i prosincu imaju luksuz da biraju između više od jednog kamena rođenja. Jeste li spremni saznati sve o lipanjskim kamenčićima? Ako žudite za srećom, uspjehom, srećom i mudrošću, čeka vas svijet dobrote s ovim dragim kamenjem!

Bez obzira volite li oceanski biser, mistični aleksandrit ili nebeski Mjesečev kamen, sigurni smo da postoji lipanjski rođeni kamen za sve Blizance i Rake na svijetu.

Koje značenje i simbolika stoje iza ovih prekrasnih lipanjskih kamena rođenja? Hajde da vidimo!

Što je Birthstone?

Rođeni kamenje je drago kamenje koje predstavlja čovjekov mjesec rođenja. Kamenje za rođenje mnogih ljudi ima posebna značenja. Mnogi izražavaju svoju individualnost nakitom od kamena kamena ili ih odluče nositi u džepu ili torbici kao šarm sreće.

Iako je podrijetlo kamena s kamena nepoznato, neki znanstvenici vjeruju da je to došlo iz kršćanstva. U Knjizi Izlaska u Bibliji opisan je odjevni predmet poznat kao "Aronov naprsnik".

Možete li pogoditi što je krasilo ovaj kultni naprsnik? Dvanaest blistavih dragog kamenja:

  • Sardius

  • topaz

  • Čir

  • Smaragd

  • Safir

  • Dijamant

  • Ligure

  • Ahat

  • Ametist

  • Beryl

  • Oniks

  • Jaspis

To je neki ozbiljni ukras! Svaki dragulj na naprsniku predstavljao je jedno od 12 jeruzalemskih plemena. 1912. Nacionalno udruženje draguljara udružilo je koaliciju kako bi stvorilo službeni popis kamena rođenih. Popis ostaje nepromijenjen, a ljudi ga i danas prate!

Sad kad znate sve o podrijetlu kamena rođenja, istražimo vaše, počevši od blaga s mora, bezvremenskog bisera!

Lipanj Birthstone # 1 - biser

Biseri su uistinu jedinstveni jer su organski dragi kamen , što znači da nastaju u ljusci živog bića. Mekušci žive u obalama i podmorju oceana ili rijeka, a kada nadražujući sastojak poput zrna pijeska ili sitnog šljunka uđe u ljusku mekušca, on oko sebe luči slojeve kako bi se zaštitio.

Da bi zaustavio iritaciju, mekušac pokriva nadražujuće sredstvo u kalcijevom karbonatu. Nakon godinu ili dvije pokrivanja nadražujućeg sredstva, nekada dosadno zrno pijeska sada je blistavi, mliječni biserni kamen!

lipanjski kameni kamen - biser i aleksandrit

Značenje bisera kamena rođenja

Zamorni proces uzgoja bisera objašnjava zašto ovaj rođendan u lipnju predstavlja mudrost stečenu iskustvom. Biseri također predstavljaju spokoj i ljudi im gravitiraju zbog svojih smirujućih učinaka.

Kroz povijest su ljudi pronalazili iscjeljivanje noseći bisere za liječenje želudca i probavnog trakta. U drevnoj egipatskoj kulturi i kineskim kulturama biserni je prah služio kao snažan tonik za smirivanje nadražene kože i akni.

Jeste li ikad primijetili da biseri dočaravaju ženstvenost? Zbog svog sjajnog izgleda, ljudi prirodno uspoređuju bisere s mjesecom. Njihovo vodeno podrijetlo podsjeća na more, ljepotu i čistoću, sve tradicionalno obilježja usmjerena na žene. Ta su vjerovanja zašto je biserni nakit popularan poklon za mladenke.

Lipanj Birthstone # 2: Aleksandrit

Od sva tri lipnja kamena rođenja, Aleksandrit se najviše poklapa s deskriptorima zodijaka za Blizance, lipanjski astrološki znak.

Simbol za Blizance su blizanci jer Blizanci često imaju primjetnu dvojnost u svojim osobinama ličnosti. Slično tome, aleksandrit je nazvan kameleonski kamen zbog svoje sposobnosti mijenjanja boja na svjetlu.

Lipanjski kamen rođenja - aleksandrit

Na dnevnom svjetlu čini se da je Aleksandrit živopisno zelene boje ili zelene boje. Dolazi noć, boje kamena produbljuju se u živopisnu crvenu ili ljubičastu. Kao što vidite, ova dvostruka priroda mijenjanja boja osvjetljava kontrastne osobine aleksandritita i blizanaca.

Aleksandritsko podrijetlo i značenje

Otkriven 1830. godine u ruskim rudnicima smaragda, Aleksandrit je brzo postao omiljeni kamen ruske aristokracije. Zbog njihove popularnosti tijekom 19. stoljeća miniran je praktički sav ruski aleksandrit. Srećom ili kozmičkom intervencijom, Aleksandrit je gotovo izumro dok rudari nisu otkrili masivno nalazište na Šri Lanki.

Kao takav, aleksandritski kameni kamen simbolizira sreću i sreću. Zbog svoje sposobnosti da budu dvije boje odjednom, mnogi vjeruju da Aleksandrit ravnotežom neutralizira stresne situacije. Često povezan s Krunskom čakrom, ovaj mistični lipanjski rođeni kamen kuje spas sa svemirom kako bi iskoristio intuiciju, maštu i kreativnost.

Lako je uočiti da je Aleksandrit upečatljiv dragulj, ali jeste li znali da ima mnoga snažna ljekovita svojstva? Zbog sposobnosti obnavljanja unutarnje snage i fizičke energije, mnogi ih daju onima koji se oporavljaju od operacije ili bolesti. Mnogi stručnjaci za liječenje kristalima koriste aleksandrit za pomoć kod gušterače, slezene i neuroloških problema.

Lipanj Birthstone # 3 - Moonstone

Posljednji lipanjski kamen na našem popisu očaravajući je mjesečinom obasjan mjesečev kamen . Odakle dolazi ovaj luminiscentni dragi kamen, ako nije ušuškan na zvjezdanom nebu?

lipanjski kamen rođenja - mjesečev kamen

Rimski prirodoslovac Plinije usporedio je Moonstoneovu promjenjivu kvalitetu s mjesečevim opadanjem i depilacijom.

Mjesečev kamen primamljivo je blijed i poznat je po atraktivnom bisernom sjaju. Iako je najmanje komercijalno vrijedan od rođenih kamena u lipnju, možda ima najbogatiju i najromantičniju povijest!

Mjesečev kamen Podrijetlo i simbolika

Mjesečev kamen je svet u indijskoj kulturi i često je nadaren novopečenim parovima. U bliskoistočnim kulturama ljudi daju Mjesečev kamen parovima koji pokušavaju zatrudnjeti jer pomaže plodnosti.

Jedno od naših omiljenih vjerovanja o Mjesečevom kamenu je da stavljanje komadića Mjesečevog kamena u usta i zagledanje u Mjesec otkriva viziju vašeg budućeg supružnika na nebu.

Kome treba Kupid kad imate Mjesečev kamen?

Poznat kao "putnički kamen", ovaj lipanjski rođendan ima zaštitna svojstva za putnike koji kreću na noćna putovanja, posebno dok su na moru. Iako većina nas noću nije pomorstvo, Moonstone i dalje pruža smjernice i jasnoću onima koji slijede misiju.

Mjesečeva ljekovita svojstva

U svrhu liječenja, Moonstone pomaže ublažiti emocionalnu nestabilnost i stres. Njegova umirujuća priroda pomaže probavnom sustavu i uklanja toksine i zadržavanje tekućine iz jetre i gušterače. Zbog svoje povezanosti s Mjesecom, dragocjen je i za liječenje menstrualnih grčeva i problema s plodnošću.

lipanjski kamen rođenja - mjesečev kamen

Ako vam brojanje ovaca ne kimne da spavate, zgrabite Mjesečev kamen! Imate li napad nesanice? Meditirajte s komadićem Mjesečevog kamena prije spavanja. Ako vaša djeca sanjaju noćne more, stavite malo mjesečevog kamena ispod jastuka kako biste osigurali miran noćni odmor ispunjen slatkišima, jednorozima i gumenim nebom.

Ako ste beba iz lipnja, nesumnjivo se uživate u slobodi izbora između tri prekrasna kamena za rođenje! Biser, Aleksandrit i Mjesečev kamen na svoj su način jedinstveni, baš poput vas!

Imate svog favorita? Pregledajte našu kolekciju lipanjskih kamenčića kako biste pronašli jedan za vas ili Blizance ili Rak u svom životu!


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