June Birthstones: Pearl, Alexandrite & Moonstone
Las piedras natales de junio: perla, alejandrita y piedra lunar
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There are only two months with three official birthstones, and June is one of them! What are the 3 gemstones for June? The official June birthstones are moonstone, pearl, and alexandrite.

June was called Junius or lunius in ancient Rome, named after the goddess of marriage, Juno, or the Latin iuniores meaning "youth.”

Ancient celebrations in June included the Rosalia (festival of roses), Vestalia (honoring goddess of the hearth Vesta and re-purifying Rome), and the summer solstice (first day of summer).

The summer solstice is still celebrated today, along with modern June holidays like Father’s Day, LGBTQ+ Pride Month, and International Children’s Day.

June represents excitement, balance, and rejuvenation. It’s also associated with marriage, with wedding season peaking in June.

Reflecting these ideals are the three June birthstones: alexandrite, pearl, and moonstone. Today, we’ll go over the history, properties, and allure of these June birthstones.

june birthstonesPictured above: Moonstone ring

Historical & Cultural Significance of June Birthstones

You’re probably wondering: why are there 3 birthstones for June? Well, there weren't always three.

June Birthstone Changes Over Time

Early birthstone lists derived from Biblical texts interpreted June birthstones as agate or emerald, now May birthstones.

Kicking off formalized modern birthstone lists, Tiffany & Co. published a pamphlet of “Gregorian Birthstone Poems” in 1870, credited to an “unknown author,” with pearl for June.

The first official standardized list, created by the National Association of Jewellers (now the Jewellers of America) in 1912, listed pearl first with moonstone as the alternative. This listing was also reflected in the 1937 UK list from the National Association of Goldsmiths.

The Jewelry Industry Council of America modified the 1912 list in the 1950s to add alexandrite for June.

Why did June’s birthstone change? Alexandrite was a relatively new gem, and one theory is that jewelers believed alexandrite was more abundant than pearl, which is not true today.

Next, let’s look at each semi-precious gemstone’s individual history.

ancient roman hair ornament with pearls, emeralds, and sapphiresPictured above: 3rd-century ancient Roman gold hair ornament set with pearls, emeralds, and sapphires; Displayed at British Museum | Image credit: Vassil, Public domain

Pearls in Ancient Civilizations and Mythology

The oldest written record of pearls dates back to 2206 BC, when freshwater pearls were gifted to Chinese royalty. The oldest known pearl jewelry dated around 420 BC is the “Susa Pearls” necklace. Archeological evidence also points to prehistoric mother of pearl uses in the Indus Valley and Sri Lanka.

Ancient Greeks associated pearls with grandeur, believing the birthstones formed from the tears of Aphrodite, the goddess of love who was similarly born from the sea according to myths. Similarly, ancient Japanese legends claimed pearls originated from the tears of mermaids or nymphs.

Ancient Romans called pearls margaritae or unio. They used pearls as status symbols, only worn by the wealthy and noble.

In ancient Egypt, pearls were linked to Isis, goddess of healing, and placed in tombs. One famous story is that Cleopatra won a bet with Marc Antony by putting one of her pearl earrings in vinegar and drinking it!

One Hindu legend says that pearls were fallen lunar dewdrops that fell from the moon. Another Hindu myth about the pearl’s origin is that the god Krishna found the first pearl and gave it to his daughter as a wedding gift to protect her from becoming a widow and ensure a successful, long marriage.

Additionally, pearl origins in Vedic texts were that Earth’s waters and divine energy conceived the pearl, then fertilized it with lightning.

In Islam, the Quran describes pearls as adorning Paradise as fruits and crowns given to those entering heaven.

Other interpretations of this June birthstone’s meaning included protection from fire in ancient China and representation of purity in Europe.

ancient chinese moonstone ornamentPictured above: Chinese gold ornament with moonstones, dated 960-1279 Song Dynasty; Displayed at Metropolitan Museum of Art | Image credit: Met Museum, Public domain

Ancient to Modern Moonstone History

Moonstone’s name is inspired by its adularescence, appearing to glow from within like soft moonlight.

Ancient Roman legends say moonstone formed when beams of moonlight hardened and was gifted by moon goddess Diana. They gazed into the stone to see Diana and receive her love and wisdom.

Ancient Greeks called the stone Aphroselene, a portmanteau of Aphrodite and moon goddess Selene. They also associated moonstone with Hecate, goddess of magic, and Artemis, goddess of the hunt and chastity.

In ancient India, moonstones were said to glow or dim from the forehead of the moon goddess Chandra (or moon god Ganesh) with the moon’s waxing or waning phases.

According to an Asian myth, blue moonstones wash to shore every 21 years. Ancient East Asians hung moonstones in trees to promote bountiful harvests and believed the gem’s shifting internal light indicated a spirit living inside.

Travelers also used moonstone talismans for protection, inspiring the June birthstone’s nickname “traveler’s stone.”

historical 1800s alexandrite specimen from russiaPictured above: An excellent, classic reference example of alexandrite from Urals Region, Russia, with stout form, some edge wear, internal gemminess, but nevertheless shows color change; Included with label dated to 1850 | Image credit: Rob Lavinsky, – CC-BY-SA-3.0

Alexandrite's Journey from Russia to the World

Alexandrite is the most recently discovered June birthstone. The color-changing red and green gem was discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in 1834 and named after Alexander II, the soon-to-be Czar upon his upcoming 16th birthday.

Stories differ on who discovered and named alexandrite first. It was either Finnish mineralogist Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld, Ural Mine manager Vasilevich Kokovin, German mineralogy professor Gustav Rose, or Russian mineralogist Count L.A. Perovskii. Regardless, Count L.A. Perovskii gave Alexander II the gem for his birthday on April 29.

Russia was the only source, although their mines were nearly empty by the 1890s. Brazil became another source in 1987, followed by Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.

Russian alexandrite became a symbol of prestige and national pride, coincidentally reflecting Russian military colors. Alexander II was reported to wear an alexandrite ring talisman daily.

Other cultures interpreted the June birthstone’s color changes as indicators of danger.

History? Check. Now we’ll look closer at these birthstone’s colors and unique traits.

pair of pink akoya pearls june birthstonePictured above: Pink akoya pearls

Pearls: The Gems of the Sea

Arguably the “classic” June birthstone, pearls are inarguably unique. For one, they’re mineraloids (not minerals) and one of few organic gemstones, meaning gems made by a living organism.

In this case, pearls are made inside mollusks when an irritant like sand gets into the creature’s shell. The mollusk secretes layers of nacre around the irritant. The nacre is composed of calcium carbonate (calcite, aragonite, or both). The built-up nacre layers create the signature “pearlescent” luster.

The rarity of this June birthstone is exclusive to natural pearls, which grow in the wild without human intervention. Most pearl gemstones today are cultured pearls, which grow the same way but the irritants are inserted by humans on pearl farms.

Natural pearls are typically small and irregularly shaped, while cultured pearls are often round or close to round. You can always verify your pearl birthstone’s origin by sending it to a lab like the GIA.

Pearl Types & Value

Some of the most popular types of pearls are:

  • Akoya: First and usually highest-quality cultured pearl; Slower nacre layer build-up, meaning better luster and rounder shape; Often bleached & dyed white with rose overtones

  • Freshwater: Formed by freshwater mollusks, usually cultivated; Typically thicker nacre, more irregularly shaped, and lower luster but fancier colors than saltwater pearls

  • Saltwater: Formed by saltwater mollusks, usually cultivated; Historical standard for beautiful pearls

  • South Sea: Cultured from silver- or gold-lipped saltwater oysters; Thicker nacre & larger than Akoyas; Usually white, cream, or golden color

  • Tahitian: Cultured from black-lipped saltwater oysters mainly in French Polynesia; Only naturally black pearls, but but often dark green or gray; Can be white, blue, silver, purple, or yellow; Display iridescence called “orient”

The biggest value factor is natural vs. cultured — natural pearl June birthstones are significantly pricier.

red and green faceted alexandrite june birthstone

Alexandrite: The Chameleon Gem

Alexandrite is a chrysoberyl variety where some of the aluminum is replaced by chromium. It’s known for being color-changing, caused by those chromium impurities.

What is this June birthstone’s color? The best alexandrites are emerald-green in daylight and reddish-purple under incandescence, inspiring the moniker “Emerald by day, ruby by night.” Most of these are Russian.

Other color-changes include yellow or peach to hot pink or blue-green to magenta. Sri Lankan alexandrite is often olive-green, while Brazilian alexandrite is often paler.

The main part of alexandrite’s value is the purity, degree, and proportion of color-change.

Cat's eye alexandrites are especially rare and valuable.

blue adularescence moonstone cabochon june birthstone

Moonstone: Luminous Beauty & Colors

Among the three June birthstones, moonstone is most accessible but no less stunning.

Moonstone has alternating, thin layers of feldspars albite and oligoclase or orthoclase. When light enters these layers, it causes moonstone’s signature floating, internal glow called “adularescence.”

The best moonstones are colorless with pure blue adularescence. But the June birthstone’s color also includes shades like peach, green, and orange.

Most moonstones are cut into cabochons, but faceting moonstones can hide flaws and enhance sparkle. Other moonstone cuts include beads and carvings.

That covers mineralogy and appearance, so it’s time to examine June birthstones and their meanings.

black tahitian pearl necklace strandPictured above: Tahitian pearl necklace

Pearls: Symbolism and Significance

Throughout history, pearls have been associated with femininity, wisdom, and transformation.


The pearl’s ethereal appearance and aquatic origins have inspired associations with the moon, femininity, and water. The moon and tides are tied to traditionally feminine ideals of tapping into one’s changing emotions.

Pearls’ lunar side is believed to enhance intuition and connect you to spiritual realms. Additionally, pearl healing stones are traditionally used for fertility, hormone imbalance, and easier childbirth.


The attachment between pearls and knowledge is exemplified in the phrases “pearls of wisdom” meaning sage advice or “do not cast pearls before swine” meaning wisely not offering something valuable to those who won’t appreciate it.

In the Bible, pearls usually represent the value of wisdom. Hindu, Taoist, and Buddhist philosophies mention “flaming pearls” as symbolizing spiritual wisdom. Some ancients believed pearls contained life’s lessons and guided the dead through the afterlife.

The June birthstone’s “hiddenness” and formation also represents wisdom gained from experience.


Pearls take years to form, usually starting from a grain of sand and developing into a gorgeous gemstone. Unsurprisingly, these June birthstones represent transformation.

Quoting motivational speaker Susan C. Young: “The oyster has taken what was at first an irritation and intrusion and uses it to enrich its value.”

Ancient Asians believed pearls symbolized a soul’s journey to perfection. Tarot readers connect the pearl to The Fool’s journey as a path of self-discovery.

faceted alexandrite june birthstone ring

Alexandrite's Mystique and Metaphysical Properties

Alexandrite doesn’t have as much lore, but it’s still become meaningful.

Like pearl, alexandrite symbolizes transformation. The June stone is said to be rejuvenating, helping you embrace the changes of life.

The color-changing stone also represents balance, be it emotional balance, physical and spiritual balance, or simply remaining grounded.

Other associations with alexandrite include good fortune, success, and creativity.

moonstone pendant june birthstone

Moonstone Meanings & Powers

Moonstone shares metaphysical properties with pearls, with ties to femininity, wisdom, and the moon.

Historically, magicians strategically used moonstones for spells based on the moon’s current phase. Many mystics use moonstone as a focus tool during meditation. Crystal healers recommend moonstone for treating insomnia.

Moonstone is also indicative of love and marriage.

One Indian tradition involves couples putting the June birthstone in their mouth during a full moon to see their future. Both ancient Greeks and Indians held beliefs that moonstones facilitated foresight.

For those without a partner, one legend said you could attract your true love by setting the intention with a moonstone during a full moon and keeping it with you until the next full moon.

Celebrating Life's Moments with June Birthstones

Wondering what the most popular June birthstone is?

For most jewelry, pearls are queen. However, alexandrite is more common for June birthstone rings, and moonstone is the most widely available.

Astrologically, what is the birthstone for June and Gemini? Alexandrite is the best June-born Gemini birthstone, fulfilling their craving for balance.

For June-born Cancers, moonstone and pearl tie perfectly to Cancer’s ruling planetary body (the moon) and enhance the sign’s natural intuition.

Gifting a June birthstone is a meaningful gesture for celebrating a loved one.

Options range from June birthstone jewelry to birthstone-encrusted rose decor (the June flower) to a painting of the giftee’s favorite June crystal.

purple gray cultured saltwater pearl june birthstone necklacePictured above: Cultured saltwater pearl necklace

Which June Jewel is Your Favorite?

June represents love, excitement, and balance, which are exemplified by alexandrite, moonstone, and pearl. These gems each have their own appeal, plus their varied appearances and price points mean there’s a perfect June birthstone for any budget!

Find traditional and alternative June birthstones from our hundreds of gemstones available!

Piedra natal de junio Perla y Alejandrita Si naciste en junio, ¡entonces tienes la suerte de nacer en uno de los dos meses que disfrutan de tres piedras de nacimiento! Los nacidos tanto en junio como en diciembre tienen el lujo de elegir entre más de una piedra de nacimiento. Si anhelas felicidad, éxito, buena fortuna y sabiduría, ¡te espera un mundo de bienestar con estas gemas!

¿Cuáles son las piedras natales de junio?

Las piedras natales de junio son la perla, la alejandrita y la piedra lunar.

Cada piedra tiene su propia historia única, así como significados y simbolismos. En este artículo, lo llevaremos a través de las tres piedras de nacimiento, ¡así que siga leyendo para obtener más información!


Piedra natal de junio #1: Perla

Nuestra primera piedra natal de junio, las perlas, son realmente únicas porque son una piedra preciosa orgánica , lo que significa que se forman dentro del caparazón de un ser vivo.

Los moluscos viven en las costas y los fondos marinos de los océanos o ríos, y cuando un irritante como un grano de arena o una piedrecita entra en el caparazón de un molusco, secreta capas a su alrededor para protegerse.

Para detener la irritación, el molusco cubre el irritante con carbonato de calcio. ¡Después de un año o dos de cubrir el irritante, el grano de arena que alguna vez fue molesto ahora es una perla lechosa reluciente!

perla de piedra de nacimiento de junio Historia y Orígenes

Como piedra preciosa orgánica, no hay mucho que decir sobre el origen de las perlas. Se forman en las ostras y son recolectadas por humanos.

A lo largo de la historia, nuestra percepción de las perlas ha cambiado. Anteriormente, se pensaba que las perlas eran algunas de las piedras más valiosas que existen.

Eran excepcionalmente raros en la década de 1900 y, por lo tanto, tenían un precio que solo los usaban los miembros más ricos de la sociedad. Sin embargo, hoy en día, las perlas son bastante comunes y se usan como accesorios en joyas como collares.

Significados y simbolismo

El tedioso proceso de hacer crecer una perla explica por qué esta piedra natal de junio representa la sabiduría adquirida a través de la experiencia. Las perlas también representan la serenidad, y las personas gravitan hacia ellas por sus efectos calmantes.

A lo largo de la historia, las personas han encontrado la curación al usar perlas para tratar el malestar estomacal y los problemas del tracto digestivo. En la antigua cultura egipcia y china, el polvo de perlas servía como un poderoso tónico para calmar la piel irritada y el acné.

¿Alguna vez has notado que las perlas evocan la feminidad? Debido a su apariencia luminosa, la gente naturalmente compara las perlas con la luna. Sus orígenes acuosos recuerdan el mar, la belleza y la pureza, todas características tradicionalmente centradas en la mujer. Estas creencias son la razón por la que la joyería de perlas es un regalo nupcial popular.


Como piedra preciosa orgánica, las perlas necesitan mucho aire fresco. Así que te animamos a que los uses tanto como quieras.

Sin embargo, una desventaja de esta piedra de nacimiento es que son absorbentes. Esto significa que es probable que absorban cualquier producto de cuidado personal que haya aplicado a su piel, por ejemplo, protector solar. Por lo tanto, nuestro consejo es que espere aproximadamente 30 minutos antes de usar las perlas si tiene algo más en la piel.

Después de usar su piedra de nacimiento de junio, le recomendamos que la limpie con un paño suave y húmedo y luego la seque a mano con uno seco. Además, evite usar perlas junto con otras joyas, ya que esto puede causar rasguños.

Más información sobre Perla

Piedra natal de junio #2: Alejandrita

De las tres piedras natales de junio, la alejandrita se alinea más con los descriptores del zodíaco de Géminis, el signo astrológico de junio.

El símbolo de Géminis son los gemelos porque los Géminis suelen tener una notable dualidad en sus rasgos de personalidad. De manera similar, la alejandrita ha sido llamada la piedra camaleónica debido a su capacidad para cambiar de color con la luz.

A la luz del día, la alejandrita parece ser verde o verde azulado vibrante. Cuando cae la noche, los colores de la piedra se profundizan a un rojo o púrpura vibrante. Como puede ver, esta naturaleza dual de cambio de color ilumina las cualidades contrastantes de Alejandrita y Géminis.

A la luz del día, la alejandrita parece ser verde o verde azulado vibrante. Cuando cae la noche, los colores de la piedra se profundizan a un rojo o púrpura vibrante. Como puede ver, esta naturaleza dual de cambio de color ilumina las cualidades contrastantes de Alejandrita y Géminis.

alejandrita piedra de nacimiento de junio

Historia y Orígenes

Descubierta en 1830 en las minas de esmeraldas de Rusia, la alejandrita se convirtió rápidamente en la piedra favorita de la aristocracia rusa. Debido a su popularidad, prácticamente toda la Alejandrita de Rusia se extrajo durante el siglo XIX. Por suerte o por intervención cósmica, la alejandrita casi se extinguió hasta que los mineros descubrieron un depósito masivo en Sri Lanka.

Significados y simbolismo

Como tal, la piedra natal de Alejandrita simboliza la buena suerte y la fortuna. Debido a su capacidad de ser de dos colores a la vez, muchos creen que la alejandrita neutraliza situaciones estresantes con equilibrio. A menudo asociada con el chakra de la corona, esta mística piedra natal de junio forja una línea de vida con el universo para aprovechar la intuición, la imaginación y la creatividad.

Es fácil ver que Alejandrita es una joya llamativa, pero ¿sabías que tiene muchas propiedades curativas poderosas? Debido a su capacidad para restaurar la fuerza interior y la energía física, muchos se los dan a quienes se recuperan de una cirugía o enfermedad. Muchos practicantes de la sanación con cristales usan Alejandrita para ayudar con problemas neurológicos, pancreáticos y del bazo.


La mejor manera de limpiar Alexandrite es con agua jabonosa tibia y un paño suave. Aunque los limpiadores ultrasónicos y de vapor se consideran seguros, es mejor evitarlos solo para estar completamente seguro de que no dañará su piedra de nacimiento de junio.

Más información sobre Alejandrita

Piedra natal de junio #3: Piedra lunar

La última piedra de nacimiento de junio en nuestra lista es la fascinante joya iluminada por la luna, Moonstone. ¿De dónde viene esta piedra preciosa luminiscente, si no escondida en el cielo estrellado?

Un historiador natural romano llamado Plinio comparó la cualidad cambiante de Moonstone con la luna menguante y creciente.

Moonstone es seductoramente pálido y conocido por su atractivo brillo nacarado. Si bien es la menos valiosa comercialmente de las piedras natales de junio, ¡podría tener la historia más rica y romántica!

Un historiador natural romano llamado Plinio comparó la cualidad cambiante de Moonstone con la luna menguante y creciente.

Moonstone es seductoramente pálido y conocido por su atractivo brillo nacarado. Si bien es la menos valiosa comercialmente de las piedras natales de junio, ¡podría tener la historia más rica y romántica!

piedra de luna de piedra de nacimiento de junio

Historia y Orígenes

Las piedras lunares son sagradas para la cultura india, y en la mitología hindú se cree que están hechas de rayos de luna. En la cultura griega y romana antigua, esta piedra natal de junio se asociaba con los dioses.

Hoy en día, las piedras lunares se pueden encontrar en Brasil, Alemania, India, Madagascar, México, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Tanzania y los Estados Unidos.

Significados y simbolismo

En la cultura india, las piedras lunares suelen obsequiarse a las parejas de recién casados. En las culturas del Medio Oriente, las personas dan Moonstone a las parejas que intentan concebir, ya que ayuda con la fertilidad.

Una de nuestras creencias favoritas sobre Moonstone es que colocar un trozo de Moonstone en tu boca y mirar a la luna revela una visión de tu futuro cónyuge en el cielo.

Conocida como "la piedra del viajero", esta piedra natal de junio tiene propiedades protectoras para los viajeros que se embarcan en viajes nocturnos, especialmente en el mar. Si bien la mayoría de nosotros no estamos al tanto de la navegación nocturna, Moonstone aún brinda orientación y claridad a quienes persiguen una misión.


Le recomendamos que utilice agua jabonosa tibia para limpiar su Moonstone. También puedes secar tu piedra lunar con un paño suave. Recomendamos evitar los limpiadores ultrasónicos y de vapor, ya que pueden dañar su piedra de nacimiento de junio.

Más información sobre la piedra lunar


Si nació en junio o está buscando comprar una piedra de nacimiento de junio para alguien que sí lo es, entonces esperamos que nuestra guía haya sido útil. Este es uno de los dos meses que se asocia con tres piedras de nacimiento. Si desea comprar cualquiera de las tres piedras de nacimiento de junio, consulte los enlaces a continuación.


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