Alexandrite Stone: Meaning, History, Properties, and Value
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alexandrite stone informationIf you loved color-changing mood rings as a kid, get ready for the upscale, sophisticated adult version: alexandrite stone! Alexandrite is a variety of the gemstone chrysoberyl. Known for its rarity and mesmerizing color-changing ability, this gem might make you wonder if magic really is possible.  

Alexandrite’s roots are in Russia, but the stone is beloved by gem enthusiasts and jewelers worldwide. In fact, alexandrite is one of the rarest gemstones in the world, even rarer than diamonds. 

One of the alexandrite’s nicknames is “Emerald by day, ruby by night.” The colors of an alexandrite gem will transport you to a suave holiday party, where sparkling greens and reds abound.  However, the stone’s beauty is sure to captivate year-round.

If you’re ready to learn more, join us as we cover all your questions about this beautiful gem, from its dazzling colors to its many healing properties and buying factors.

About Alexandrite Stone

Alexandrite is an elegant gemstone for anybody who wants to feel like royalty. Those born in the month of June are graced with an alexandrite birthstone, along with the traditional pearl. Perhaps unsurprisingly, alexandrite is also the zodiac stone for Gemini. 

If you’re a Gemini with a June birthday, why not mix it up with a pearl and alexandrite necklace? Wearing both stones will bring you luck and take your look from everyday to exquisite! 

Beyond birthdays, June is known for hosting sunny summer weddings! Besides wearing an alexandrite stone for the occasion, you can also gift one! If you know someone celebrating their 55th wedding anniversary, alexandrite is the traditional gift for commemorating this impressive milestone.

Alexandrite gemstone

Mineral Characteristics

Alexandrite is a form of chrysoberyl, with only a slight chemical difference. Both stones are made of beryllium, aluminum, and oxygen. When chromium replaces some of the aluminum in chrysoberyl, it becomes alexandrite. Both stones belong to the chrysoberyl species.

Wondering how to identify alexandrite? The simplest method is checking for color change

Alexandrite stones will appear green or blue-green in sunlight and red or magenta under incandescent light. Alexandrite is one of the few gemstones that can change color, and as the most popular one, color-changing in gems is sometimes called an “alexandrite effect.”

The impressive alexandrite stone properties don’t stop there. At an 8.5 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, alexandrite’s durability is only out-ranked by diamond, sapphire, and ruby.

Alexandrite Specifications and Characteristics

  • Color: Varies by light source; Daylight = green, teal, or brownish yellow; Incandescent light = purple, red, pinkish purple, or yellowish-green 

  • Crystal structure: Orthorhombic

  • Luster: Vitreous (glass-like)

  • Transparency: Transparent to opaque

  • Refractive index: 1.74–1.76

  • Density: 3.7-3.8

  • Cleavage: 1 direction; Distinct to poor

  • Pleochroism: Present; Green, yellow-orange, and red or mauve

  • Fracture: Weak conchoidal to uneven

  • Luminescence: Present; Fluorescent type, UV-Long, and UV-Short; Weak red

  • Chatoyancy: Can be present, but very rare

Alright, we’ve got a handle on the mineral aspects, but what does alexandrite symbolize?

Alexandrite Meaning

Often called the “Chameleon Stone,” alexandrite’s symbolism is as diverse as its hues. Alexandrite most commonly represents wisdom and good luck. However, the complementary colors on the alexandrite’s surface take its meaning a bit deeper.

Anyone familiar with the basics of color theory knows that red and green are opposite on the color wheel, or “complementary.” Besides making each other pop, the two colors’ individual symbolism together creates a dynamic duo. 

The passion, energy, and sensuality of red seem to contradict the peaceful, growth-oriented green. However, embracing both sides of the spectrum — or color wheel — can introduce spontaneity and innovation to all aspects of life.

Among various cultures, what is the spiritual meaning of alexandrite?

In Russia, alexandrite represents personal pride and prestige. The spiritual meaning was taken very seriously, with Czar Alexander II (the stone’s namesake) allegedly wearing an alexandrite ring daily as a talisman.

Various cultures purport that alexandrite changes colors to warn its wearer of danger. Chinese interpretations connect alexandrite to blood, believing the stone could make the circulatory system work better. Taking a cue from the Greek’s view on amethyst, Hindus saw alexandrite as a cure for drunkenness. 

Speaking of cures, what are the metaphysical properties of alexandrite?

alexandrite in heart shape

Alexandrite Healing Properties

Given alexandrite’s dual nature, it may come as no surprise that many of its healing properties are about balance. Spiritually, the gem can help us balance the wellbeing of our body along with our soul. Moreover, alexandrite reminds us that all things in nature work together.

Alexandrite’s mental healing properties include helping us find centeredness and enjoy the world around us. By enabling us to accept that change is a part of life, alexandrite can bring healing and mindfulness to our daily routine.

In terms of physical health, alexandrite stone benefits the entire body by helping to regulate the circulatory system. Specifically, alexandrite is often used for problems with inflammation, cramps, and tension.

Back to the spiritual side, what is alexandrite used for in chakra healing?

Alexandrite stones help open and balance the crown chakra. The crown is the highest of the seven chakras, culminating the journey from our basic physical needs to our highest spiritual self.

With a blocked crown chakra, you may feel disconnected and uninspired, drifting aimlessly without an anchor. Alexandrite can open the chakra, infusing warm energies into your life and setting the stage for a powerful spiritual transformation. 

Before you start using alexandrite for healing, you’ll want to find the right one. Let’s discuss what goes into an alexandrite stone’s value and what to look for as a buyer.

Alexandrite Gemstone Properties

A gemstone’s properties are essential for determining its true value. Depending on the stone, certain factors carry more weight than others. For instance, clarity plays a bigger role in colorless stones like diamonds while color saturation is more important for colored stones. 

With alexandrite, the value factors are color, clarity, and cut.


Color is one of alexandrite’s most well-known attributes and a huge factor for the stone’s quality grade. The purest forms of alexandrite, nearly impossible to find outside of Russia, are emerald green in sunlight and deep reddish-purple in incandescent light.

Alexandrite stone can appear in slightly different colors, too. Some may look yellow or peach-colored instead of green and change to hot pink instead of red. Different light sources, such as fluorescent or LED, can produce an array of shades on alexandrite’s surface.

Of course, the intensity of the stone’s color shift plays a role as well. Given as a percentage, the degree of color change can go from 5% to 100%. Mid-grade stones will usually fall around 50-60%, while top-quality ones will have 80-100% intensity.

alexandrite color change


A gemstone’s clarity, or how transparent it appears, is determined by the number of inclusions inside the stone. For alexandrite, clarity isn’t the most important factor, but it does play a role.

Unlike diamonds, colored stones don’t have an official clarity grading system. However, an unofficial grading system was created for determining clarity in colored gems. 

Alexandrite stones almost always emerge from the ground with a few visible inclusions. Therefore, alexandrite falls under the Type II clarity grade.

Cut & Carat Weight

Cut doesn’t affect alexandrite’s value as much as it does for other stones. However, alexandrite’s carat weight does play an important role and often determines the cut.

As you know, natural alexandrite is exceedingly rare. Mining gem-quality alexandrite stones these days can be challenging, but finding specimens larger than a few carats is nearly impossible. For this reason, many of the stones mined become cabochons instead of faceted pieces.

Luckily, scientists have found numerous methods for creating synthetic alexandrite that can be faceted into rings, pendants, and more. The first synthetic alexandrite method, the flux method, was patented in California in 1973.

Speaking of history, let’s dive into the legends and lore that surround alexandrite stone.

alexandrite pendant and ring with diamonds

Alexandrite History

The story behind the discovery and naming of alexandrite is filled with controversy. The origin story takes place in Russia, and the central characters include a Finnish mineralogist, a Russian mineralogist, and the Russian Ural Mine manager.

Let’s start with the name. Alexandrite unequivocally gets its name from Czar Alexander II of Russia. (Ever heard of Anastasia Romanov? Alexander II was her great-grandfather).

When the stone was discovered in Russia's Ural Mountains in 1834, Alexander II wasn’t czar yet, but he was coming up on his 16th birthday. He wasn’t Czar yet, but he would be of age by 16. Alexandrite matched the two military colors of Russia at the time, so the name made perfect sense.

The facts get murky when it comes to who discovered alexandrite and named it first.

One story goes that Finnish mineralogist Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld was the first to identify the stone after looking at samples from the Uralian mine. Nordenskiöld got the samples from Russian mineralogist Count L.A. Perovskii, who had initially misidentified the specimens.

Most historians say Perovskii coined alexandrite’s name. However, some claim that Nordenskiöld suggested the name first. Regardless, Perovskii allegedly presented the new gem to Alexander II at his birthday celebration on April 17th, 1834.

The other possible origin story comes from historian Richard A. Wise. Wise claims that the Ural Mine manager, Vasilevich Kokovin, discovered and identified alexandrite first. However, Kokovin was later accused of stealing royal jewels, although there was no evidence. The accusation may have led to Kokovin’s erasure from alexandrite’s history.

Interestingly, an earlier discovery may have happened in Germany. Mineralogy professor Gustav Rose wrote about a new chrysoberyl variety in 1829 that matched alexandrite.

Moving beyond its rich history, how is alexandrite formed?

alexandrite rough

Alexandrite Origins and Sources

Alexandrite stones grow in quite a few geological areas, including pegmatites, stream pebbles, and dolomitic marbles to name a few. However, the mines where alexandrite can be found are few and far between.

We’ve discussed alexandrite’s scarcity, but how rare is alexandrite exactly? To answer that question, we need to look at the conditions required for creating alexandrite. 

Alexandrite can form in places where beryllium and chromium are present. Finding beryllium and chromium in the same place is almost as hard as finding any beryllium at all, as it's one of the rarest elements.

We know the proper conditions existed in the USSR. But beyond Russia, where does alexandrite come from?

Mining Locations

For nearly a century, Russia was the only place to find natural alexandrite. However, in about 30 years, the mines were nearly used up. 

In the 1980s, Brazilian mines uncovered their own alexandrite stones. Soon, other nations found the stone as well, including:

  • Madagascar

  • Sri Lanka

  • Zimbabwe

  • Myanmar

While no country can compare to Russian alexandrite in terms of saturation, other nations’ mines are known for their specimens’ varying colors. Brazil’s alexandrite stones are typically paler in color, and some Brazilian specimens contain traces of gallium in place of aluminum.

alexandrite from Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan alexandrite is known for a rich, olive green shade in daylight, while Zimbabwe’s stones have intense color-changing abilities and emerald green daylight hues.

Where an alexandrite stone comes from can even affect the stone’s price.

Alexandrite Gemstone Value and Prices

If you’ve seen what alexandrite costs, you may wonder: why is alexandrite so expensive?

Alexandrite’s value is determined by numerous factors such as where it was mined, how big it is, and how good the clarity is. The two most important factors for alexandrite price are the color quality and the intensity of its color change, given as a percentage. 

Mid-level alexandrite may also have more brown in its coloring and less saturated hues overall. Top-quality gems have vivid colors, like Russia’s specimens. In fact, high-quality alexandrite stones from Russia or Brazil can cost twice as much as the same quality stones from elsewhere.

If you recall, the mid-level quality color change is about 50-60% or higher, while top-level quality falls at 80-100%. Low-level quality alexandrites have a color change below 50%; These gems often look yellow-green in daylight and mahogany under incandescent light.

Carat weight is another price determiner. Retail prices for 1-carat alexandrite can range from $500-$20,000 per carat. The highest quality specimens under 1ct are typically more than $15,000 per carat. 

Alexandrite heavier than 0.25cts is already rare, so any stones over 1ct will cost between $50,000 to $70,000 per carat. Good-quality alexandrite above five carats is even rarer, costing in the hundreds of thousands.

Low-quality stones are usually less than $2,000 per carat, while mid-quality stones range from $7,000 to $12,000 per carat. One budget-friendly tip is to opt for a small alexandrite stone with a decent color change.

With that kind of investment, you’ll want to take every precaution you can for ensuring your gem’s longevity.

alexandrite ring with diamonds

Care and Maintenance

Alexandrite has impressive durability, but the stone is sadly not invincible.

To ensure your stone lasts a lifetime and longer, avoid exposing it to:

  • Extreme heat (regular heat is okay)

  • Hard strikes

  • Large amounts of household cleaning products

Luckily, cleaning alexandrite is a breeze. The traditional soap and warm water route will work just fine, but it’s okay to use mechanical cleaners as well. The only time you should avoid using mechanical cleaners is if the stone is fracture-filled.

Let Your Colors Shine With Alexandrite!

That covers everything you need to know about alexandrite! This stone may be hard to come by, but that only makes each one more special.

Alexandrite reminds us that we don’t have to limit ourselves. If this sophisticated gem is happy to go from passionate reds to peaceful blues, we can be confident in pursuing any ambition!

Take it from destiny coach Anthon St. Maarten: “Just focus on the possibilities. The limitations will take care of itself.”

Embrace a world of possibilities with an alexandrite stone today!







如果您是 6 月生日的双子座,为什么不搭配珍珠和亚历山大变石项链呢?同时佩戴这两种宝石会给您带来好运,让您的装扮从平凡变成精致!

除了生日,六月还以举办阳光明媚的夏日婚礼而闻名!除了为这个场合佩戴一颗亚历山大变石外,您还可以赠送一颗!如果您认识某人庆祝结婚 55 周年,亚历山大变石是纪念这一令人印象深刻的里程碑的传统礼物。






令人印象深刻的亚历山大变石特性并不止于此。 莫氏硬度为 8.5,亚历山大变石的耐用性仅次于钻石、蓝宝石和红宝石。


  • 颜色:因光源而异;日光 = 绿色、蓝绿色或棕黄色;白炽灯 = 紫色、红色、粉紫色或黄绿色

  • 晶体结构:正交晶系

  • 光泽:玻璃状(玻璃状)

  • 透明度:透明到不透明

  • 折射率:1.74–1.76

  • 密度:3.7-3.8

  • 解理:1个方向;差到差

  • 多色性:存在;绿色、黄橙色和红色或紫红色

  • 断口:弱贝壳状到不均匀

  • 发光:存在;荧光型、UV-Long、UV-Short;弱红

  • Chatoyancy:可以存在,但非常罕见
























亚历山大变石的颜色也可能略有不同。有些可能看起来是黄色或桃色而不是绿色,并变成粉红色而不是红色。不同的光源,例如荧光灯或 LED,可以在紫翠玉表面产生一系列阴影。

当然,宝石颜色变化的强度也有影响。以百分比形式给出,颜色变化的程度可以从 5% 到 100%。中品钻石的强度通常在 50-60% 左右,而顶级钻石的强度为 80-100%。





亚历山大变石几乎总是带着一些可见的内含物从地下露出来。因此,紫翠玉属于II 类净度等级




幸运的是,科学家们已经找到了许多方法来制造可以刻面成戒指、吊坠等的合成亚历山大变石。第一种合成紫翠玉的方法,助熔剂法,于 1973 年在加利福尼亚州获得专利。




亚历山大变石的发现和命名背后的故事充满争议。起源故事发生在 俄罗斯,主要人物包括一位芬兰矿物学家、一位俄罗斯矿物学家和俄罗斯乌拉尔矿山经理。

让我们从名字开始吧。亚历山大变石的名字无疑来自俄罗斯沙皇亚历山大二世。 (听说过阿纳斯塔西娅·罗曼诺夫吗?亚历山大二世是她的曾祖父)。

当这块石头于 1834 年在俄罗斯的乌拉尔山脉被发现时,亚历山大二世还不是沙皇,但他即将迎来 16 岁生日。他还不是沙皇,但他将在 16 岁时成年。亚历山大石与当时俄罗斯的两种军用颜色相匹配,因此这个名字非常合理。


一个故事是,芬兰矿物学家尼尔斯·古斯塔夫·诺登斯科尔德 (Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld) 是第一个在查看乌拉尔矿山的样本后识别出这块石头的人。 Nordenskiöld 从俄罗斯矿物学家伯爵 LA Perovskii 那里获得了样品,他最初错误地识别了这些标本。

大多数历史学家说 Perovskii 创造了亚历山大变石的名字。然而,有人声称 Nordenskiöld 首先提出了这个名字。无论如何,据称 Perovskii 在 1834 年 4 月 17 日的生日庆典上将这颗新宝石赠送给了亚历山大二世。

另一个可能的起源故事来自历史学家 Richard A. Wise。 Wise 声称乌拉尔矿山经理 Vasilevich Kokovin 首先发现鉴定了亚历山大变石。然而,科科文后来被指控盗窃皇家珠宝,尽管没有证据。该指控可能导致科科文从亚历山大变石的历史中消失。

有趣的是,更早的发现可能发生在德国。矿物学教授古斯塔夫·罗斯 (Gustav Rose) 在 1829 年写到一种与亚历山大变石相匹配的新金绿宝石品种。









近一个世纪以来,俄罗斯是唯一发现天然亚历山大变石的地方。然而,在大约 30 年的时间里,这些矿山几乎用完了。

在 20 世纪 80 年代,巴西的矿山发现了自己的亚历山大变石。很快,其他国家也发现了这块石头,包括:

  • 马达加斯加

  • 斯里兰卡

  • 津巴布韦

  • 缅甸









回想一下,中级质量的颜色变化大约为 50-60% 或更高,而顶级质量的颜色变化为 80-100%。低等级品质的变石颜色变化低于 50%;这些宝石在日光下通常呈黄绿色,在白炽灯下呈桃花心木色。

克拉重量是另一个价格决定因素。 1 克拉亚历山大变石的零售价从每克拉 500 美元到 20,000 美元不等。 1 克拉以下的最高质量标本通常每克拉超过 15,000 美元。

重量超过 0.25 克拉的亚历山大变石已经很少见,因此任何超过 1 克拉的宝石每克拉的价格在 50,000 美元到 70,000 美元之间。五克拉以上的优质紫翠玉更为稀有,动辄数十万。

低品质宝石的价格通常低于每克拉 2,000 美元,而中等品质的宝石价格从每克拉 7,000 美元到 12,000 美元不等。一个经济实惠的建议是选择颜色变化不错的小亚历山大变石。






  • 极热(正常加热没问题)

  • 重击

  • 大量家用清洁用品





以命运教练 Anthon St. Maarten 的话为例:“只关注可能性。这些限制会自行解决。”


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Fantastic article! Thank you!

11th Jun

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