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20 Types of Gemstones and Their Meanings: The Ultimate Guide

Types of gemstonesCurious about the meaning of amethyst or sapphire? And what does that striking emerald boast? Well, let’s just say that gemstones are worth a whole lot more than just a pretty piece of jewelry. For centuries, different types of gemstones have been used for their healing and spiritually elevating properties. 

Our ancestors used gems to heal physical ailments and ward off evil spirits. Yellow gems were said to cure jaundice, green would protect against spells, and red stones could stop bleeding. Over time, each new gemstone developed its own list of unique properties that would contribute to the stone’s meaning. 

Today, gemstones are recognized for their metaphysical properties, connecting our human consciousness to our spiritual sense of self. Wearing certain jewels can affect different areas of life, including love, stress, mental clarity, grounding, and even abundance. 

To understand gemstones and their properties, one must first understand their structure. 

20 Types of gemstones

The Power of Gemstones

Each gemstone is composed of a unique mix of chemical compounds. They are formed under pressure in rock or soil, which is why specific crystals are found in different places around the world. These chemical and atomic structure variances affect the wavelengths of light absorbed by each stone, creating its unique color. Pretty neat!

Gemstones influence human spirituality and anatomy due to their vibrational properties. Crystal atoms vibrate at temperatures close to zero and can absorb surrounding environmental vibrations and energy. Energy healers who use crystals in their practice will tell you that different stones absorb specific vibrations, which determine their metaphysical properties. Fact is, there is a story to tell about each type of gemstone, so let’s get right to it!

Now you might ask yourself, what are the different types of gemstones and what do certain gemstones mean?  Well, you've come to the right place! Join us as we embark on an exciting journey to explore 20 types of gemstones and their meanings.

Let's get started! First up? A popular purple-hued jewel filled with all the zen, calming vibes you crave!

Amethyst gemstone

1. Amethyst

Color: Light to dark purple 

Amethyst stone meaning calms emotions, heightens mental clarity, and helps the wearer attain wisdom. Amethyst properties can provide greater intuition by creating a stronger connection to the spiritual world. Wearers are more cognizant of their emotions and values and may be better able to combat addiction and obsessive-compulsive behaviors. 

Amethyst is a quartz gemstone, and its deep to lilac hues embody stillness for the mind, body, and spirit. If you need help staving off stagnant, negative vibes, reach for amethyst!

Learn more about amethyst

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Aquamarine gemstone

2. Aquamarine

Color: Light blue

True to its name, aquamarine has long been associated with the sea. One look at its soft, light blue hues instills you with calm, regenerative energies akin to a tranquil ocean. It symbolizes tranquility, serenity, and rebirth. Aquamarine meaning translates to “water of the sea.” 

Throughout its history, aquamarine meaning has been associated with great beauty and wealth and was even used to protect sailors on long and dangerous voyages. Like amethyst, aquamarine is calming and peaceful for its wearer. It is said to be excellent in aiding meditation and may even help smooth rough patches in a relationship when gifted from one partner to another. 

Learn more about aquamarine

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Amazonite gemstone

3. Amazonite

Color: Turquoise, greenish-blue

Amazonite gemstones stimulate the Heart and Throat Chakras, enabling you to access softer energies and communicate more freely. The teal-colored gem can be used to dispel negative energy from a wearer’s life. In this sense, it is often called ‘The Stone of Success and Abundance’ because amazonite healing properties attract money and good fortune while deflecting negative energies. 

Like other blue stones, amazonite benefits offer soothing and enhanced relaxation. If you find yourself anxious, amazonite properties can calm a tense nervous system, allowing you to operate with clarity and intention.

Learn more about amazonite

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Clear quartz gemstone

4. Clear Quartz

Color: Clear

Clear quartz is one of the more popular crystals used in jewelry and holistic healing. It is most known to help with manifestation and mental clarity. Clear quartz meaning is a universal healer known as the “Master Healer” that can be used on the mind and body chakras, creating balance and harmony. 

Additionally, clear quartz healing properties can clear and refresh a space of negativity. In times of emotional distress, clear quartz protects the mind, body, and soul to reach higher physic planes and intuition.

Learn more about clear quartz

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rough celestite stone

5. Celestite

Color: Light blue

Celestite crystal meaning comes from the word “celestial,” and one glance at this crystallized gem, and you’ll see why. The stone symbolizes reconciliation and calmness, much like our other blue gemstones. Wearing or gifting celestite stones in a turbulent relationship can alleviate some of the anxiety surrounding the situation, making it easier to forgive and forget. 

Celestite meaning is also known for its ability to give the wearer pleasant dreams, making it an excellent gemstone to take to bed! In crystal healing, celestite activates the higher chakras, including the Third Eye and Crown Chakra, to open the divine portal to higher consciousness and enlightenment. 

Learn more about Celestite

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Carnelian gemstone

6. Carnelian

Color: Vibrant orange with stripes

Like its vibrant colors and patterns, the carnelian meaning symbolizes creativity, confidence, and passion. But as bright and cheery as this warm-hued crystal is, carnelian is a stabilizing stone, restoring the mind and body with vitality and courage. Wearing a carnelian will encourage you to be a leader and give you the courage to take risks. 

You may even find yourself exuding more charm than ever before while wearing this gemstone, thanks to the resilient carnelian healing properties. Invest in carnelian jewelry if you find yourself stuck in a creative rut and require some inspiration. Carnelian symbolizes bold energy, instilling you with endurance, energy, and motivation to achieve your goals and dreams.

Learn more about Carnelian

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Chalcedony gemstone

7. Chalcedony

Color: Light bluish-lavender, opaque blue

Aside from this stone’s gorgeous color, chalcedony offers a wide variety of spiritual healing properties to its wearer. Primarily, chalcedony nurtures the soul, fostering goodwill toward the self and others. In Native American tribes, chalcedony stone was used to strengthen bonds during ritual ceremonies. 

It also aids with emotional balance and encourages kindness, problem-solving, generosity, and communication. Chalcedony meaning is a balancing stone that stabilizes mind, body, and spirit. Feeling generous? Chalcedony opens the heart to experience greater levels of compassion and benevolence. Paying it forward with chalcedony will surely return uplifting energies your way.

Citrine gemstone

8. Citrine

Color: Light to dark yellow

Citrine is another abundant form of quartz that encourages happiness, joy, and openness to new experiences. Thanks to its bright yellow color, citrine infuses sunshine energy all around you. Wearing the stone will make you feel energized and confident, as citrine benefits the solar plexus chakra, offering balance and control. 

Unlike stones like moldavite that absorb negative energy, citrine healing properties clear it. In that regard, citrine properties are your best friend in times of struggle or personal turmoil, as its radiant energy will align the chakras so that you can get back to those feel-good vibes.

Learn more about Citrine

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Diamond gemstone

9. Diamond

Color: Clear

Which gemstone means forever? The Forever Stone, of course. Diamonds are the traditional stone used in engagement rings because diamond meaning signifies a never-ending bond – a forever love. Diamond spiritual meaning can detoxify and protect their wearers against negative energies. The symbolism of protection may also be related to the fact that diamonds are extremely strong and difficult to cut or break; that’s what makes them such desirable gemstones! 

Plus, their sparkling radiance is an excellent symbol of unbreakable lifelong love! Diamond crystal meaning represents faithfulness, purity, and innocence. Next to rose quartz, diamond is the ultimate love stone.

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Emerald gemstone

10. Emerald

Color: Dark green

Emerald stone meaning represents fertility, and it’s even called a fertility stone. The striking green jewel also helps to foster new beginnings and create spiritual awareness and protection, thanks to emerald healing properties. Wearers of emerald stone are more intuitive than most, and some can even envision the future. 

Around the world, emeralds are regarded as a symbol of truth. In mythology, emerald was Venus’s chosen gemstone as she ruled overall love and hope. In Egypt, emeralds were a wellspring of eternal life, which is likely why queen Cleopatra adorned herself in the sparkling green jewels.

Learn more about Emeralds

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Garnet gemstone

11. Garnet

Color: Dark red

Garnet stone meaning has strong associations with the heart and vital life force and has long been cherished as conduits for higher love. Garnet benefits friendships thanks to its gentle healing properties. Spiritually, garnet encourages gratitude, prosperity, and positive energies. 

With associations to the lower chakras (solar plexus, and sacral, and base), garnet stone grounds you, offering anchoring to allow creative energies to flourish. Physically, garnet can help with blood circulation while reducing inflammation and detoxifying the blood.

Learn more about Garnet

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Jade gemstone

12. Jade

Color: Light to dark green

Are you looking for crystals for intelligence? Jade stone can help. Jade’s meaning is associated with wisdom since it relieves stress and allows the mind to focus on more important things. Like other green stones, jade properties can bring about prosperity to its wearer. Good fortune can be expected to occur with money and career success. 

What is the spiritual meaning of jade? Jade symbolizes serenity, offering ultimate tranquility and protecting against harm. Wearing jade gemstones can harmonize the body’s vital energy to balance and harmonize emotional wellbeing.

Learn more about Jade

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Bumblebee jasper gemstone

13. Jasper

Color: Spotted, swirling patterns of reds, greens, yellows, browns, and black

Jasper meaning is the “supreme nurturer,” as it offers support to the mind, body, soul connection, especially in times of strain. Jasper stones come in all colors and patterns, and no two stones really look the same. It’s a fabulous stone for people with busy lives who need something to help them relax at the end of a long day. 

Each type of jasper stone will hold its own unique qualities. What gemstone signifies strength? In this gemstone family, it’s red jasper. In the Bible, jasper means “yashĕpheh,” a term used to describe the twelfth jewel on Aaron’s, the High Priest’s, breastplate.

Learn more about Jasper

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Lapis lazuli gemstone

14. Lapis Lazuli

Color: Royal blue with black specks

Lapis Lazuli crystal is an ancient stone symbolizing the journey of awakening. People who wear this stone while meditating will enter a deeper meditative state and, in clearing their minds of all material things, should be better able to work toward their hopes and dreams. If you are having issues with self-awareness and feel lost, lapis lazuli properties should help you find your true path once again.

The deep blue gemstone activates the Third Eye chakra, which is the control center for perception and foresight. Spiritually, healing with lapis lazuli heightens self-awareness and allows you to express your inner truths honestly and whole-heartedly.

Learn more about Lapis Lazuli

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Moonstone Gemstone

15. Moonstone

Color: Milky and iridescent shade of many colors

Moonstone crystal is another gemstone for lovers because it represents tenderness and care. For women, moonstone benefits bring out the divine feminine, leading to a more intimate connection with oneself and allowing for greater intimacy with a partner. Aside from these qualities, moonstone healing properties are also said to enhance communication in a relationship and symbolize the fulfillment of one’s destiny. Moonstone’s calming energies offer relief from stress and emotional strain. The spiritual meaning of moonstone is “new beginnings,” as the stone fosters growth and inspiration to approach exciting new ventures with confidence.

Learn more about Moonstone

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Sheen obsidian gemstone

16. Obsidian

Color: Black

Obsidian properties will help you cut the negativity out of your life by bringing it front and center. This gemstone represents self-reflection and growth, and you may find yourself face-to-face with your inner demons that were previously bottled up. Obsidian meaning translates to protection, wrapping you in a shield against bad vibes and negative energy. 

The obsidian metaphysical properties expand beyond self-reflection and can lead to personal growth if you’re able to identify the things that are holding you back and remove them from your life. If you’re struggling to see the forest through the trees, obsidian clarifies the path ahead to offer awakening and protection on whatever journey that lies ahead.

Learn more about Obsidian

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rose quartz gemstone

17. Rose Quartz

Color: Pink

Rose quartz crystal meaning represents unconditional love, compassion, and forgiveness, thanks to its intimate relationship with the Heart Chakra. This stone represents the opening of one’s heart to all types of love, be it friendship, intimate love, or self-love. Compared to the “forever love” of diamonds, rose quartz meaning is associated with a more gentle, kind type of love. 

But this love isn’t only romantic; it extends to self-love and platonic love as well. Wear this stone when healing from emotional trauma like breakups or lost friendships, as rose quartz benefits can soothe an aching heart. If you need to wrap yourself in soft, feminine, lovely energy, reach for rose quartz.

Learn more about Rose Quarts

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Ruby gemstone

18. Ruby

Color: Red

Ruby gemstones have historically been a stone of opulence and royalty. Wearers of this stone were said to be very healthy and prosperous. Like most red and pink stones, ruby meaning is connected with love and relationships. Above all else, the ruby stone can protect against bad health and even help to stop bleeding. 

Ruby is a historically symbolic gemstone known as the king of gems and has represented passion and purity for centuries. More than a striking jewel, ruby healing properties bestow wearers with energy, success, love, and vitality.

Learn more about Ruby

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Blue sapphire gemstone

19. Sapphire

Color: All colors, primarily blue

Sapphire is one of the most famous stones in history and has been beloved by nobility, royalty, and people worldwide across the timeline of civilization. What does sapphire symbolize? 

Sapphire stone meaning is another gemstone associated with luxury and good fortune. Representing the heavens and chastity, sapphire guards and protects youth and innocence. Wearing sapphire gemstones invites peace, joy, fulfillment, and prosperity.

But did you know that sapphire comes in more colors than blue? That’s right! Even better is that each sapphire color represents a special meaning and symbolism with unique metaphysical properties. Here’s a quick review of sapphire meaning by color:

  • Blue: balance and freedom

  • Green sapphire: assist with lucid dreaming

  • Pink sapphire: gentle, kind love and compassion

  • Yellow sapphire: focus 

  • Orange: creativity

  • Black: grounding 

  • White: intuition, clarity, and wisdom

Learn more about Sapphire

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Topaz gemstone pair

20. Topaz

Color: Blue and yellow

What gemstone symbolizes kindness? Topaz stone does! Topaz stone meaning is known to calm a bad temper, emphasizing kindness and compassion in people who wear it. Self-control and emotional intelligence are also often associated with topaz meaning. 

But topaz is multi-faceted thanks to its warm and cold energies. Blue topaz represents friendship, kindness, and good fortune, while yellow topaz has fiery energy that beams with passion, strength, and confidence.

Learn more about Topaz

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Looking to Buy Gemstones?

And that wraps up our list of 20 types of gemstones and their meanings! Not surprisingly, the symbolism behind each gemstone is fascinating. Gemstones have been treasured for thousands of years for their beauty, powers, and benefits. Best part? Each stone has a unique story to tell. For spiritualists and healers, gemstones offer natural healing to many of life’s common ailments. Did one gem on our list stand out above all others?

If you’re interested in purchasing any of the stones listed above, or you’d like to learn more about different types of gemstones, visit Gem Rock Auctions today! 

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